Guide to the Digitized Collection of G.V. Black Manuscripts, Correspondence and Photographs in the Galter Health Sciences Library Northwestern University

Collection Title: G.V. Black Digitized Collection of Manuscripts, Correspondence and Photographs in the Galter Health Sciences Library, Northwestern University
Collection ID: ghsl.2
Date: 1867-1915
Creator: Black, G. V. (Greene Vardiman), 1836-1915
Extent: 6 boxes (2 linear feet) Manuscripts Correspondence Photographs (black and white) Memorabilia
Abstract: This digitized collection includes: manuscripts on general subjects; correspondence between G.V. Black and Dr. Frederick S. McKay on mottled teeth; photographs; correspondence and other memorabilia from the 1893 World Dental Congress held in conjunction with the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois.
Access: Onsite access to the original collection is open to researchers during Library hours, Monday-Friday, 9:00 AM - 4:30 PM.
Repository:: Galter Health Sciences Library. Special Collections
Northwestern University
303 East Chicago Ave.
Chicago, Ill. 60611-3008
URL: http://www.galter.northwestern.edu/Using-the-Library/Special-Collections
email: rnsms@northwestern.edu
Phone: 312-503-1913

Biographical/Historical Information

Dr. Greene Vardiman Black (1836-1915), the acknowledged father of modern dentistry, was born in Winchester, Illinois. His work and contributions to dentistry were all based in Illinois. His career included dental practices in Winchester and Jacksonville, Illinois. Dr. Black taught at several dental schools in the area, and served as the second dean of the Northwestern University Dental School, which became know as the largest and most outstanding institution of its kind under his administration.

Dr. Black contributed to the advancement of dental science by standardizing operative procedures and providing uniformity in the manufacture of amalgam, cavity preparation and dental terminology. His development of dental amalgams, over 150 years ago, set the standards for formulae, clinical use and techniques. He provided the first dental identification and categorization of dental procedures to restore diseased or injured teeth. Among his dental inventions were the foot-powered drill engine and the gnathodynamometer for measuring bite force.

Scope and Content

The Northwestern University G.V. Black digitized collection contains 43 manuscripts, 100 letters and several photographs covering the period between 1867 and 1915. Some of the more important items in the collection are: correspondence between Dr. Black and Dr. Frederick S. McKay from the turn of the century that focus on mottled enamel of teeth and early hypotheses on water and fluoridation; correspondence, program announcements and other memorabilia from the World Dental Congress held in conjunction with the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893; a manuscript on zoo chemistry.

Arrangement of Materials

The collection is organized into four series: (I) Manuscripts on general subjects; (II) Correspondence between G.V. Black and F.S. McKay on mottled enamel of teeth; (III) Documents, correspondence, memorabilia, and a photograph relating to the World's Columbian Dental Congress, Chicago, Illinois, 1893; (IV) Photographs.

Subjects

Personal Name

Black, G. V. (Greene Vardiman), 1836-1915

McKay, Frederick S.

Corporate Name

Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.)

World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)

World Dental Congress (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)

Geographical Name

Colorado

Jacksonville (Ill.)

Subjects

Biochemistry

Chemistry

Dentistry

Fluorosis, Dental--epidemiology

Tooth Abnormalities

Zoology


Container List / Contents

  • Series I:  Manuscripts on general subjects, 1867-1900.
      Note:  These manuscripts are kept in Boxes 1-3. See descriptions of individual manuscripts below for location of the manuscript. The descriptions are arranged alphabetically by the title of the manuscript.
    • Title: Antiseptics., 1889
        Extent:  46 p. Note:  Published in Dental review. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: 615.778-2 Digital Images Subjects: Anti-Infective Agents, Local
    • Title: Balance of reason., 1885
        20 p. Note:  Title on manuscript: Ballance of reason. Note:  Given as a toast at a joint meeting of the four Jacksonville, Ill. clubs (Literary Union, Sorosis, Club, and Round Table) on February 13, 1885. Note:  Includes membership rosters. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession No.: 600-15 Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) ; Sorosis (Jacksonville, Ill.) ; Club (Jacksonville, Ill.) ; Round Table (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Thinking ; Problem Solving
    • Title: Basis of morality., 1880
        Extent:  6 p. Note:  Read before the Literary Union of Jacksonville, Ill. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession No.: 600-5 Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Morals
    • Title: Calender log of cruise of the Microbe, July-August 1891., 1891
        Extent:  7 p. Note:  By the Crew, G.V. Black and W.N. Filson. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Digital Images Persons: Filson, W. N. Subjects: Sailboats ; Microbe (Sailboat) ; Recreation
    • Title: City water works of Jacksonville, Illinois., 1884
        Extent:  29 p. Note:  Presented to the Literary Union of Jacksonville, Ill., 1884. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: 614-1 Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Places: Jacksonville (Ill.) Subjects: Water Supply
    • Title: Contribution to the theory of sight., 1882
        Extent:  20 p. Note:  Translated from the German, additional remarks added by Dr. Black. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: D612-33 Digital Images Subjects: Vision
    • Note: Development of the arts., 1879
        Extent:  75 p. Note:  Presented to the Literary Union of Jacksonville, Ill. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 1 Accession No.: 600-4 Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Art
    • Title: Drawings of the Cicada, the seventeen year locust., 1876
        Extent:  8 p. Note:  Pencil drawings presented to the Jacksonville, Illinois Microscopical Society. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 1 Accession No.: 590-2 Digital Images Organizations: Microscopical Society (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Hemiptera ; Periodical cicada
    • Title: Early diagnosis of disease of the kidneys, especially Bright's disease., 1883
        Extent:  16 p. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: 616-5 Digital Images Subjects: Kidney Diseases--diagnosis ; Glomerulonephritis--diagnosis
    • Title: Earth worm., 1875
        Extent:  73 p. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 1 Accession No.: 590-1 Digital Images Subjects: Oligochaeta
    • Experiences with anesthetic spray producers in mouth operations., 1867
        Extent:  15 p. Note:  Read before the Morgan County Medical Society. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Note:  Digital image not available Accession No.: 615.781-1 Organizations: Morgan County Medical Society (Ill.) Subjects: Anesthetics ; Surgery, Oral
    • Title: Few words about salicylic acid., 1882
        Extent:  6 p. Note:  Translation of an article that appeared in the Vierteljahrsschrift fur Zahnheilkunde. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession No.: FWSA Digital Images Subjects: Salicyclic Acid
    • Title: From Quebec to the Saguenay River and Chicontimi., 1887
        Extent: 52 p. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession No.: 600-18 Digital Images Places: Quebec (Province) ; Chicontimi (Quebec) Subjects: Travel ; Saguenay River (Quebec)
    • Title: Histopathology of scarlet fever., 1878
        Extent:  86 p. Note:  Read before the Morgan County Medical Society. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: 616-2 Digital Images Organizations: Morgan County Medical Society (Ill.) Subjects: Scarlet Fever
    • Title: How to rest, or modes of recreation., 1891
        Extent:  14 p. Note:  Presented to the Literary Union of Jacksonville, Ill., 1884. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: 600-21 Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Rest ; Recreation
    • Title: Industrial picture., 1885
        Extent:  23 p. Note:  Presented to the Literary Union of Jacksonville, Ill. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession no.: 600-12 Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Industry
    • Title: Inflammation., 1882
        Extent: 31 p. Note:  Read before the Morgan County Medical Society. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: 616-3 Digital Images Organizations: Morgan County Medical Society (Ill.) Subjects: Inflammation
    • Title: Influence of the middle man in the formation of social castes in the United States., 1886
        Extent:  6 p. Note:  Presented to the Literary Union of Jacksonville, Ill. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession No.: 600-14 Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Places: United States Subjects: Social stratification ; Social Class ; Middle Class
    • Title: Lee County Texas fossil woods., 1881
        Extent:  6 p.; 12 drawings Abstract: Multigraph reproductions of fossil woods from Lee County, Texas. A camera lucida was used to draw the images.Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 1 Accession No.: 600-7 Digital Images Places: Lee County (Tex.) Subjects: Fossils ; Wood
    • Title: Man, a representative of the universe., 1885
        Extent:  36 p. Note:  Read before the Literary Union of Jacksonville, Illinois. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 1 Accession No.: 575-1 Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Hominidae ; Human Activities
    • Title: Man eater, a story., 1887
        9 p. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession No.: 600-19 Digital Images Subjects: Dreams Fictional Works
    • Title: Manual training as an element in education., 1886
        Extent:  40 p. Note:  Presented before the Literary Union of Jacksonville, Illinois. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession No.: 600-16 Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Vocational Education ; Education
    • Title: Mechanic arts of 1776 and 1876., 1876
        Extent:  10 p. Note:  A toast to the Literary Union. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 1 Accession No.: 600-1 Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Technology--history
    • Title: New Orleans., 1889
        Extent:  21 p. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: 600-23 Digital Images Places: New Orleans (La.)
    • Title: Oil of cassia., 1881
        Extent:  11 p. Abstract: History of the use of oil of cassia followed by 4 case reports.Note:  Published in Dental review. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: 615.778-5 Digital Images Subjects: Cassia
    • Title: Originality., 1878
        Extent:  16 p. Note:  An extract from Wilhelm Jordan's epic letter. Translated from the German with Dr. Black's reflections. Presented to the Literary Union of Jacksonville, Ill. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession no.: 600-2 Digital Images Persons: Jordan, Wilhelm, 1819-1904 Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Originality ; Creativeness
    • Title: Our police system., 1890
        Extent:  11 p. Note:  Presented before the Literary Union of Jacksonville, Illinois. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession no.: PS Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Police
    • Title: Out sailing. , 1886
        Extent:  46 p.; 3 drawings Note:  Includes drawings of the Microbe, designed by Dr. Black. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession no.: 600-17 Digital Images Subjects: Sailing ; Microbe (Sailboat) ; Recreation
    • Title: Practical relations of observation and thought., 1883
        Extent:  8 p. Note:  Presented before the Literary Union of Jacksonville, Illinois. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession No.: 600-10 Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Observation ; Science--methods
    • Progress of civilization. , 1882
        Extent:  34 p. Note:  Presented before the Literary Union of Jacksonville, Illinois. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession No.: 600-8 Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Civilization
    • Title: Pus formation., 1887
        Extent:  45 p. Abstract: Recent theories of the formation of pus, considered with reference to dental operations.Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: 616-6 Digital Images Subjects: Suppuration ; Abcess ; Oral Surgical Procedures
    • Title: Report of a post mortem examination in case of Wm. Patterson., 1883
        Extent:  5 p. Abstract: Gastric ulcer with pathological specimen.Note:  Read before the Morgan County Medical Society. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: 616-4 Digital Images Persons: Patterson, William, d. 1883 Organizations: Morgan County Medical Society (Ill.) Subjects: Autopsy ; Peptic Ulcer--pathology
    • Title: Salicylic acid as an antispetic. , 1881
        Extent:  59 p. Note:  Translation from the German of an article by H. Humm that originally appeared in the Vierteljahrsschrift fur Zahnheilkunde. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: 615.778-1 Digital Images Persons: Humm, H. Subjects: Salicylic Acid ; Anti-Infective Agents, Local
    • Title: Sam Marsden's race for life. , 1885
        Extent:  22 p. Abstract: An Indian story of the pioneer days on the Illinois prairies.Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession No.: 600-13 Digital Images Subjects: Marsden, Sam (Fictitious character) Illinois--history Fictional Works
    • Title: Some experiments with acids. , 1885
        Extent:  24 p. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 1 Accession No.: 540-3 Digital Images Subjects: Acids
    • Title: Students I have known., [ca. 1900]
        Extent:  45 p. Contents: Frazzels of the moral sense -- Incentive and initiative -- A group of four -- 12th inch lense incident -- Elbert -- Hit -- F --John -- Russell.Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession No.: Students Digital Images Subjects: Students, Dental
    • Title: Studies of saprophitic moulds. , 1892
        Extent:  67 p. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: D6a-95 Digital Images Subjects: Molds (Fungi) ; Food Chain ; Fungi
    • Title: Typhoid fever., 1875
        Extent:  49 p. Note:  Read before the Morgan County Medical Society. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: 616-1 Digital Images Organizations: Morgan County Medical Society (Ill.) Subjects: Typhoid Fever
    • Title: Walk under the lindens. , 1878
        Extent:  29 p. Note:  Translated from the German. Orginal author, Friedrich Schiller. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 3 Accession No.: 600-3 Digital Images Persons: Schiller, Friedrich, 1759-1805 Subjects: Lindens ; Trees
    • Title: Waste products of thought. , 1884
        Extent:  12 p. Note:  An inaugural address before the Literary Union of Jacksonville, Illinois. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession No.: 600-11 Digital Images Organizations: Literary Union (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Thinking
    • Title: What is solution, letter to Dr. George H. Cushing replying to a question., 1883
        Extent:  10 p. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 1 Accession No.: 540-2 Digital Images Persons: Cushing, George H. Subjects: Solutions
    • Title: Wind and storm., 1882
        Extent:  97 p. Note:  First, second and third lectures presented before the Jacksonville, Illinois Y.M.C.A. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 2 Accession No.: 600-9 Digital Images Organizations: Young Men's Christian Association (Jacksonville, Ill.) Subjects: Weather ; Wind ; Rain
    • Title: Zoo chemistry., 1867
        Extent:  148 p. Note:  Lectures presented to a class in chemistry. Note:  Original manuscript kept in box 1 Accession No.: 540-1 Digital Images Subjects: Biochemistry
  • Series II:  Correspondence between G.V. Black and F.S. McKay on mottled enamel of teeth., 1907-1915.
  • Series III: Documents, correspondence, ephemera, and a photograph relating to the World's Columbian Dental Congress, Chicago, Illinois, 1892-1893.
      Note:  Original materials kept in box 5 Summary:  The World's Columbian Dental Congress was held in Chicago, Illinois, August 1893, in conjunction with the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893. The transactions of the Congress were published in a 2 volume set (cited below): World's Columbian Dental Congress (1893 : Chicago, Ill.). Transactions of the World's Columbian Dental Congress. Chicago (Ill.) : Knight, Leonard & Co., 1894. The documents and correspondence provide some insight into the planning for the Congress. Dr. Black was the Chairman of the World's Columbian Dental Congress Committee on Nomenclature. Organizations: World's Columbian Dental Congress (1893 : Chicago, Ill.) ; World's Columbian Dental Congress (1893 : Chicago, Ill.). Committee on Nomenclature ; World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.) Places: Chicago (Ill.) Subjects: Dentistry
    • Documents related to the World's Columbian Dental Congress.
      • Title: Preliminary communication from the Committee on Essays, World's Columbian Dental Congress , September 24, 1892
      • Title: General programme of the World's Congresses of 1893.
      • Title:  World's Congress Auxiliary of the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893.
          Extent:  3 p. Description: A brochure that provides general information about the World Congresses held in conjunction with the World's Columbian Exposition, including location of the meetings, registration, publications, dates and hotels. Digital Images
      • Title: World's Columbian Dental Congress, Chicago, Illinois, August 14-19, 1893.
          Extent:  4 p. Description: A circular addressed to dentists in the Western Hemisphere announcing the Congress. Digital Images
      • Title: World's Columbian Dental Congress, Committee on Nomenclature , Feb. 20, 1893
          Extent:  18 p. Description: A pamphlet prepared by Dr. Black listing questions to be answered by the Committee, and specifying its duties and responsibilities. Digital Images
      • Title: World's Columbian Dental Congress to be held in Chicago, August 14th to 19th inclusive, 1893 , 1893
          Extent:  1 p. Description: A form letter addressed to dentists in Illinois soliciting their support for the Congress. Prepared by the Finance Committee for Illinois. Digital Images
      • Title: Questions for the state committees of the World's Columbian Dental meeting , 1893
          Extent:  1 p. Description: A survey questionnaire for dentists in various states. Digital Images
    • Correspondence related to the planning of the World's Columbian Dental Congress, 1892-1893 / G.V. Black ... [et al.].
    • Memorabilia and a photograph from the World's Columbian Dental Congress, 1893.
      • Item: Opening of the World's Congresses of 1893, May 10, 1893
          Description: Invitation to the opening ceremonies of the World's Congresses held on May 15, 1893 in the Memorial Art Palace of Chicago, Illinois. Digital Image
      • Item: Invitation to a Reception in honor of the officers and members of the World's Columbian Dental Congress held on August 12, 1893.
      • Item: World's Columbian Dental Congress member's ticket, August 14-19, 1893
          Description: Front and back of Dr. Black's ticket to the Dental Congress. On the back is a map of Chicago showing the locations of the various venues of the Congress. Digital Images
      • Item: Menu of the dinner given by the American members of the World's Columbian Dental Congress for their friends from abroad.
          Note:  The dinner was held on August 18, 1893, at the Chicago Beach Hotel. The menu was autographed by some of the attendees, including Dr. Black. Digital Images
      • Item: Invitation to the World's Columbian Dental Congress luncheon held at the Wellington Catering Company's Cafe in the Terminal Station inside of the World's Fair Grounds on August 19, 1893.
      • Group photograph of the participants in the World's Columbian Dental Congress, 1893.
          Dr. Black is in the back row, indicated by the red arrow.  
  • Series IV:  Photographs.
      Note:  Original photographs kept in box 6
    • Title: Portrait of G.V. Black., [n.d.]
        Persons: Black, G. V. (Greene Vardiman), 1836-1915. Format: Photograph  
    • Title: G.V. Black statue in Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois., 1935
        Description: The statue was created by Frederick Hibbard and dedicated in 1918. The larger than life seated figure was originally located in Lincoln Park, just east of the Chicago Historical Society building. This photograph was taken before the statue was relocated to its current site at the head of Astor Street on North Avenue in Lincoln Park. Persons: Black, G. V. (Greene Vardiman), 1836-1915. ; Hibbard Frederck Cleveland, 1881- Places: Lincoln Park (Chicago, Ill.) Subjects: Statues Format: Photograph  
    • Title: G.V. Black as a teacher., 1900
        Description: Dr. Black with giant models of teeth and oversized instruments. He used these for classroom demonstrations of cavity preparation. Persons: Black, G. V. (Greene Vardiman), 1836-1915. Subjects: Tooth ; Dental Models Format: Photograph  
    • Title: G.V. Black as a scientist., 1900
        Description: Dr. Black is operating his machine for the grinding of microscopic sections of teeth and bone in his laboratory in the Northwestern University Dental School. Persons: Black, G. V. (Greene Vardiman), 1836-1915. Organizations: Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Dental School Places: Chicago (Ill.) Subjects: Histological Techniques Format: Photograph  
    • Title: G.V. Black as an administrator., 1897
        Description: Dr. Black , the second dean of the Northwestern University Dental School, with other faculty members including Thomas Gilmer and Frederick Noyes. Persons: Black, G. V. (Greene Vardiman), 1836-1915. ; Noyes, Frederick Bogue, 1872- ; Gilmer, Thomas Organizations: Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Dental School Subjects: Education, Dental Format: Photograph  
    • Title: G.V. Black and other instructors in the Great Dental Clinic. , 1902
        Description: The Clinic was located in the former Tremont Hotel at the corner of Lake and Dearborn in the Chicago Loop. Persons: Black, G. V. (Greene Vardiman), 1836-1915. Organizations: Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Great Dental Clinic Places: Chicago (Ill.) Subjects: Dental Clinics Format: Photograph  
    • Title: G.V. Black and colleagues., 1912
        Description: An unidentified patient is surrounded by Dr. Black and other prominent dentists, including Dr. C.N. Johnson at the Institute of Dental Pedagogics meeting in 1912 in Chicago, Ill. Persons: Black, G. V. (Greene Vardiman), 1836-1915. ; Johnson, Charles Nelson, 1860-1915 Organizations: Institute of Dental Pedagogics (U.S.) Places: Chicago (Ill.) Subjects: Dentistry Format: Photograph  
    • Title: G.V. Black as outdoorsman. , 1900
        De4scription: Dr. Black on vacation, Mackinac Island, Michigan. Persons: Black, G. V. (Greene Vardiman), 1836-1915. Places: Mackinac Island (Mich.) Format: Photograph