Guide to the Alex Hepple Papers

Collection Title: Alex Hepple Papers
Dates: 1937-1964
Identification: 0002
Creator: Hepple, Alex, 1904-1983
Extent: 15 Boxes
Language of Materials: English
Abstract: The Alex Hepple Papers contain materials about his association with South African trade unions, particularly the Garment Workers' Union. Hepple's concern for equality of opportunity, especially for the African labor force, is evidenced in his newspaper articles and other writings, and in the parliamentary debate records.
Separated Materials: All items included in the Separation List can be found in the Africana Collection and in the Northwestern University Library. Separated materials include 294 pamphlets, 61 "Fact Papers" (Digest of South African Affairs and South African Institute of Race Relations), and 71 magazines, including:Illustrated bulletin, Johannesburg: Labour Party Editorial Board, Sept. 26, 1945 - Feb. 27, 1946 (Fourteen issues)Race relations news, Johannesburg: S.A. Institute of Race Relations, 1940-1961 (Twelve issues)The anti-slavery reporter and aborigines’ friend, London: The Anti-Slavery & Aborigines Protection Society (Eleven issues)Race relations journal, Johannesburg: S.A. Institute of Race Relations, 1955-1962 (Seven issues)Labour-Arbeids bulletin, Johannesburg: South African Labour Party, June - August 1944 (Six issues)Unitas, Johannesburg: Unity Publications Ltd., 1958 (Four issues)The Democrat, Johannesburg: Proprietor of the Democrat, Jan. 11, 1947, Nov. 25, 1947, Jan, 1948Journal of racial affairs, Stellenbosch: SABRA, Jan. 1951, July 1951, April 1952Bantu education journal, Pretoria: Union of S.A., Government Printer, Sept. 1955, Oct. 1955Optima, Johannesburg: Anglo-American Corp. of S.A., March 1956Socialist review, Johannesburg: Delta Publishing Co. June 1945, Oct. 1945The South African tatler, Johannesburg, July 1962The forum, Johannesburg: Central News Agency, April 3, 1948The Black Sash, Cape Town: Black Sash, June/July 1959Veldtrust Johannesburg: National Veld Trust, Vol. XV, No. 11
Repository: Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies
Northwestern University Library
1970 Campus Drive
Evanston, IL,
URL: http://www.library.northwestern.edu/africana
Email: africana@northwestern.edu
Phone: 847-467-3084

Biographical/Historical Information

Alex Hepple was a member of the South African Parliament from 1948-1948. He was Parliamentary leader of the South African Labour Party and closely associated with the South African trade union movement for many years. Because of his practical experience in collective bargaining and labor affairs Hepple is a recognized authority on labor legislation and trade unionism.

In 1957 Hepple participated in a parliamentary tour of South West Africa.

Hepple served as chairman of the Defence and Aid Fund Committee in 1960, and was also a member of the Education League and the Campaign for Right and Justice.

He was manager of Azet Products (Pty) Ltd. in Johannesburg (dates unknown); Azet Products being a bacon and small goods manufacturers.

In addition to several articles for Forward and other newspapers, Hepple was the author of the following books: South Africa, a political and economic history and Verwoerd as well as the following pamphlets: A trade union guide for South African Workers, Trade unions in Travail, The African worker in South Africa and South Africa: workers under apartheid.

Alex Hepple died November 16, 1983.

Scope and Content

The Alex Hepple Papers are divided into seven main categories: Biographical, Correspondence, Writings and Speeches, Conferences and Tour, Governmental, Committees and Research, and are housed in 15 boxes.

A folder of news clippings, dating from 1948 to 1957, provides information on Hepple's governmental activities.

The Correspondence category of four folders contains a considerable amount of correspondence between Hepple and E.S. Sachs (Secretary of the Garment Workers' Union), Ambrose Johannesburg, H.F.C. Thorpe, J. Lewsen and Jessie McPherson. Other correspondence is from organizations such as SABRA, the Campaign for Right and Justice, Defence and Aid Fund, Congress of the People and the African National Congress; also a small amount from trade unions, such as S.A. Typographical Union, S.A. Tin Workers Union and Amalgamated Union of Building Trade Workers of S.A. Topics covered are the Industrial Conciliation Bill and the Industrial Legislation Commission Report, Native Law Amendment Bill of 1957, the Group Areas Bill, among other bills, and also several telegrams concerning the May 1, 1950 workers demonstration.

Included among Hepple's Writings and Speeches are six folders of newspaper articles by Hepple, an incomplete manuscript of a book, several unidentified typed manuscripts by Hepple, debate questions (printed transcripts of House of Assembly debates), speeches (incomplete) on the colored vote and a folder of handwritten and typed notes and charts pertaining to Hepple's articles and books. Along with the published news articles are the appropriate typed manuscripts of these articles, which appeared in newspapers as Forward, The Democrat, Fighting Talk, Sunday Times and Natal Mercury and cover topics such as housing, native representation, legislation, Tomlinson Report, and education.

Conference materials include a folder of programs for SABRA conferences dating from 1951-1957 and reports from the African National Congress and Transvaal Indian Congress Conference (1957-1962). There is also a folder in this category which includes an itinerary, maps and mimeographed notes and reports (in Afrikaans) relating to Hepple's 1957 tour of South West Africa. Hepple's Governmental papers consist of three boxes of a mimeographed transcript of the Garment Workers Union case presented to the Garment Workers Union Commission of Enquiry, appointed on Sept. 9, 1948, and related statements from E.S. Sachs and the Garment Workers Union, and a report from the Department of Labour. Following are seven folders containing memos and reports relating to the Industrial Legislation Commission; agenda and minutes of a Special Conference on the Commission's Report; materials from the Trade Union Unity Committee of 1953, which was formed to consider provisions of the Industrial Conciliation Bill; and lastly a draft of the Bill, annotated by Hepple, the Minister of Labour's second reading of the Bill (1956) and a memo, notes and Assembly debates of 1955, relating to the Bill.

The following box contains eight folders of Committee materials. This includes notes and reports from the Native Areas Zoning Committee, which are in Afrikaans, and newsletters, memos, minutes of meetings and agendas, and other similar materials from the following: Defence and Aid Fund, Campaign for Right and Justice, Home and School Council and the Education League – all groups which Hepple was involved or interested in. The remaining two folders in this box and the next 10 boxes contain research files of Hepple's.

Newspaper and magazine clippings occupy eight out of these 10 boxes and are arranged chronologically under subject headings designated by Hepple. News clips can be found in the front of each subject file, with magazine clips following. A few of the clippings are in Afrikaans. The majority of the clippings are from newspapers such as the Rand Daily Mail, the Star, Forward, Evening Post, Die Transvaler, Cape Argus, Die Burger, Cape Times, Tribune, World, and Saamtrek; and from magazines as Bantu, Drum, The Forum, Fighting Talk, The Garment Worker and Optima.

In addition, there are five folders containing clippings from the House of Assembly debates, also arranged by subject (designated by Hepple) and one folder of clips from the Government Gazette Staatskoerant, which is arranged chronologically from 1941 to 1963.

Included in the Research files is one box of published official memoranda, bills and reports relating to legislation, such as the Group Areas Bill of 1950, Native Laws Amendment Bill of 1957, Native Consolidation Act of 1945, the South African Constitution, and also South West African reports of the discussion and proceedings of the United Nations (1947-1955). A folder of complete issues of the Government Gazette Staatskoerant, from 1954-1964, can also be found in this box.

Lastly are nine folders of miscellaneous materials, including South African Institute of Race Relations publications, some annotated by Hepple, and dating from 1950 to 1964; a few pamphlets, also annotated; mimeographed statements and speeches; printed flyers, typed book excerpts, and other miscellaneous items.

See also separation record for listing of items removed from the collection.

Subjects

Corporate Name

Garment Workers Union (South Africa)

Geographical Name

South Africa--Politics and government

Personal Name

Hepple, Alex, 1904-1983

Subjects

Apartheid--South Africa

Labor laws and legislation--South Africa

Labor unions--Organizing--South Africa


Container List / Contents

  • Clippings
    • Clippings, 1948-1957Box 1, Folder 1
  • Correspondence
    • General correspondence, 1942-1949Box 1, Folder 2
    • General correspondence, 1950-1955Box 1, Folder 3
    • General correspondence, 1956-1959Box 1, Folder 4
    • General correspondence, 1960-1964Box 1, Folder 5
  • Writings and speeches
    • Newspaper articles written by A. Hepple, 1941-1959Box 1, Folder 6
    • Apartheid & The African worker, by Hepple , incomplete, 1955?Box 1, Folder 7
    • By A. Hepple, incomplete, 1954-1959Box 1, Folder 8
    • Miscellaneous notes by A. HeppleBox 1, Folder 9
    • A. Hepple speeches on colored votes, incomplete, 1955-1958Box 1, Folder 10
    • House of Assembly debate questions by A. Hepple, 1951-1958Box 1, Folder 11
  • Conference and tour materials
    • Conference programs, agendas & reports, 1951-1962Box 1, Folder 12
    • Parliamentary tour of South West Africa, 1957Box 1, Folder 13
        Language: Afrikaans
  • Governmental papers
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#1, Sept. 24, 1948Box 2, Folder 1
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#2, Sept. 24, 1948Box 2, Folder 2
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#3, Sept. 24, 1948Box 2, Folder 3
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#4, Sept. 24, 1948Box 2, Folder 4
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#5, Sept. 24, 1948Box 2, Folder 5
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#6, Sept. 24, 1948Box 2, Folder 6
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#7, Sept. 24, 1948Box 2, Folder 7
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#7, Sept. 24, 1948Box 3, Folder 1
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#8, Sept. 24, 1948Box 3, Folder 2
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#10, Sept. 24, 1948Box 3, Folder 3
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#11, Sept. 24, 1948Box 3, Folder 4
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#12, Sept. 24, 1948Box 3, Folder 5
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#13, Sept. 24, 1948Box 3, Folder 6
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#14, Sept. 24, 1948Box 3, Folder 7
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#15, Sept. 24, 1948Box 4, Folder 1
    • Case of the Garment Workers' Union --#16, Sept. 24, 1948Box 4, Folder 2
    • Union of South Africa. Dept. of Labour Report of the Garment Workers' Union, 1948-1949Box 4, Folder 3
    • E.S. Sachs Statements and notes, 1948-1950Box 4, Folder 4
    • Statements and memorandum from Garment Workers' Union, 1948-1959Box 4, Folder 5
    • Industrial Legislation Commission (I.L.C.) - memo from the South African Trades & Labour Council, 1948Box 4, Folder 6
    • I.L.C. - memo by E.S. Sachs for Conference of S. African Trades & Labour Council, Jan. 1952Box 4, Folder 7
    • I.L.C. - enquiry report & questionnaire, 1953Box 4, Folder 8
    • I.L.C. - agenda & minutes of Special Conference on I.L.C.'s Report, Jan. 1952Box 4, Folder 9
    • Trade Union Unity Committee - minutes, resolution & report, 1953-1954Box 4, Folder 10
    • Industrial Conciliation Bill (draft), 1954-1955Box 4, Folder 11
    • Industrial Conciliation Bill - Minister of Labour's second reading of speech, 1956Box 4, Folder 12
    • Industrial Conciliation Bill - miscellaneousBox 4, Folder 13
  • Committee materials
    • Defence and Aid Fund - minutes of meetings, 1959-1963Box 5, Folder 1
    • Defence and Aid Fund - constitution, list of sponsors, 1961Box 5, Folder 2
    • Defence and Aid Fund - D & A newsletter, 1961-1963Box 5, Folder 3
    • Defence and Aid Fund - Law Committee notes & reports, 1960-1961Box 5, Folder 4
    • Campaign for Right & Justice - minutes, agendas of meetings, 1944-1946Box 5, Folder 5
    • Native Areas Zoning Committee (Mentz Comm.) - notes & reports, 1954Box 5, Folder 6
        Language: Afrikaans
    • Home and School Council - memos, resolutions, & minutes, 1947-1961Box 5, Folder 7
    • Education League - newsletters, draft ordinance amendments proposed by Education League, 1949-1961Box 5, Folder 8
  • Research materials
    • South African Institute of Race Relations publications, 1950-1955Box 5, Folder 9
    • South African Institute of Race Relations publications, 1956-1964Box 5, Folder 10
    • Memoranda and bills, annotated by A. Hepple, 1950-1959Box 6, Folder 1
    • Union of South Africa. Bills, 1952-1962Box 6, Folder 2
    • South West Africa. Discussion & proceedings in the United Nations, 1947-1953Box 6, Folder 3
    • South West Africa. Discussion & proceedings in the United Nations, 1954-1955Box 6, Folder 4
    • Union of South Africa. Staatskoerant Government Gazette, 1954-1964Box 6, Folder 5
    • Union of South Africa. Reports, 1945-1952Box 6, Folder 6
    • Union of South Africa. Staatskoerant Gov. Gazette clippings, 1941-1963Box 7, Folder 6
    • News bulletins & newsletters, mimeographed, 1945-1960Box 7, Folder 7
    • Flyers and pamphlets, printedBox 7, Folder 8
    • Statements & speeches, 1957-1963Box 7, Folder 9
    • Reports and memoranda, mimeographed & photostatic copiesBox 7, Folder 10
    • Book excerpts, typedBox 7, Folder 11
    • Naboth's Vineyard in Tzaneen by S.D. Letsoalo, n.d.Box 7, Folder 12
    • Bibliography of publications on colored people in South Africa, 1954Box 7, Folder 13
    • House of Assembly debate clippings
      • Bantu Authorities to group areasBox 7, Folder 1
      • Native Act to Native lawsBox 7, Folder 2
      • Native passes to Native resourcesBox 7, Folder 3
      • Native riots to Native wagesBox 7, Folder 4
      • School feeding schemes to United Nations on South AfricaBox 7, Folder 5
    • News clippings
      • Bantu Authorities, 1951-1958Box 8, Folder 1
      • Bantu Authorities, 1959-1962Box 8, Folder 2
      • Bantu education, 1943-1956Box 8, Folder 3
      • Bantu education, 1957-1963Box 8, Folder 4
      • Boycotts, 1957-1963Box 8, Folder 5
      • Bus apartheid, 1951-1961Box 8, Folder 6
      • Bus boycott, 1954-1957Box 8, Folder 7
      • Churches, 1947-1958Box 8, Folder 8
      • Churches, 1958-1960Box 8, Folder 9
      • Churches, 1961Box 8, Folder 10
      • Colored affairs, 1952-1962Box 9, Folder 1
      • Colored vote, 1951-1961Box 9, Folder 2
      • Commonwealth, 1955-1956Box 9, Folder 3
      • Congress of People, 1954-1959Box 9, Folder 4
      • Constitution, 1948-1958Box 9, Folder 5
      • Defence & Aid Fund, 1959-1963Box 9, Folder 6
      • Detainees, 1960Box 9, Folder 7
      • Education - European, 1942-1962Box 9, Folder 8
      • Farm labor, 1954-1961Box 9, Folder 9
      • Garment Workers Union, 1940-1948Box 10, Folder 1
      • Garment Workers Union, 1948Box 10, Folder 2
      • Garment Workers Union, 1949-1954Box 10, Folder 3
      • Group Areas Act, 1944-1957Box 10, Folder 4
      • Group Areas, 1958-1964Box 10, Folder 5
      • Housing, 1945-1964Box 10, Folder 6
      • Industrial Conciliation Bill, 1952-1954Box 10, Folder 7
      • Industrial Conciliation Bill, 1955-1956Box 10, Folder 8
      • Industrial Legislation Commission, 1948-1949Box 11, Folder 1
      • Industrial Legislation Commission, 1949-1953Box 11, Folder 2
      • Land ownership, 1946-1962Box 11, Folder 3
      • Natives (Urban Areas) Act, 1955-58Box 11, Folder 4
      • Natives (Urban Areas) Act, 1959-1964Box 11, Folder 5
      • Native labor, 1947-1954Box 11, Folder 6
      • 1957 Native Laws Bill, 1957Box 11, Folder 7
      • 1957 Native Laws Bill, 1957-1960Box 11, Folder 8
      • Native life, 1944-1963Box 11, Folder 9
      • Native & non-European policy, 1941-1945Box 12, Folder 1
      • Native & non-European policy, 1946Box 12, Folder 2
      • Native & non-European policy, 1947Box 12, Folder 3
      • Native & non-European policy, 1948Box 12, Folder 4
      • Native & non-European policy, 1949Box 12, Folder 5
      • Native & non-European policy, 1950Box 12, Folder 6
      • Native & non-European policy, 1950Box 12, Folder 7
      • Native & non-European policy, 1951-1952Box 13, Folder 1
      • Native & non-European policy, 1957-1958Box 13, Folder 2
      • Native & non-European policy, 1958Box 13, Folder 3
      • Native & non-European policy, magazine clips, 1937-1956Box 13, Folder 4
      • Native representation, 1946-1962Box 13, Folder 5
      • Native riots, 1957-1959Box 13, Folder 6
      • Native riots, 1960-1963Box 13, Folder 7
      • Native taxation, 1945-1964Box 13, Folder 8
      • Office Broederoond (Dr. N.V. Diederichs), 1945-1959Box 13, Folder 9
      • Passes, 1942-1957Box 14, Folder 1
      • Passes, 1958-1963Box 14, Folder 2
      • SABRA, 1947-1963Box 14, Folder 3
      • South Africa & The Commonwealth, 1947-1961Box 14, Folder 4
      • South West Africa, 1932-1961Box 14, Folder 5
      • South West Africa, 1962-1964Box 14, Folder 6
      • Statutes, 1961 --, 1944-1958Box 14, Folder 7
      • Statutes, 1961 --, 1958-1959Box 14, Folder 8
      • Statutes, 1961 --, 1959-1961Box 14, Folder 9
      • Tomlinson Report, 1955-1959Box 15, Folder 1
      • Townships, 1954-1963Box 15, Folder 2
      • Transkei, 1960-1961Box 15, Folder 3
      • Transkei, 1962-1963Box 15, Folder 4
      • Universities, 1946-1964Box 15, Folder 5
      • United Nations & South Africa, 1946-1959Box 15, Folder 6
      • United Nations & South Africa, 1960-1964Box 15, Folder 7
      • Miscellaneous, 1943-1964Box 15, Folder 8