Guide to the Malcolm Dole (1903-1990) Papers

Collection Title: Malcolm Dole (1903-1990) Papers
Dates: 1924-1990
Identification: 11/3/8/5
Creator: Dole, Malcolm, 1903-1990
Extent: 11 Boxes
Language of Materials: English
Abstract: Chemist Malcolm Dole was born on March 4, 1903 in Melrose, Massachusetts. He was a member of Northwestern's faculty, teaching in the Chemistry Department. In 1964 he began a joint appointment with the Materials Research Center until his retirement in 1969. Dole's research interests focused on electrochemistry and polymer chemistry. His contributions to the field included discovering the “Dole Effect”. The Malcolm Dole (1903-1990) Papers fill eleven boxes (including two slide and two drop-front boxes), spanning the years 1924 to 1990 and including materials from his tenures at both Northwestern and Baylor. The bulk of the papers consist of personal data, personal financial records, and materials relating to research projects. The papers are arranged in five sub-series: Biographical, Correspondence, Teaching, Personal Financial, and Research Files.
The biographical files, spanning the years 1924 to 1989, include personal data, clippings, news releases, obituaries, notes on the Dole Symposium at Baylor University, date books, passports, and the log of Dole's yacht, the Malolo III. Items are arranged chronologically within folders. Several items are of particular interest, including clippings about the “Pedaling Professor” and a 1946 news release detailing Dole's wartime research experience.
Acquisition Information: The Malcolm Dole Papers were transferred to the Northwestern University Archives on June 9, 1995 as Accession Number 95-81. The Malcolm Dole Biographical File from the University Archives' Faculty Biographical Files has been incorporated into this series.
Processing Information: Kathy Young, June 21, 2001
Separated Materials: Twenty-two photographs, two cubic feet of travel slides, and one audiocassette tape were separated to the Northwestern University Archives' audio-visual collection. One cubic foot of duplicate and extraneous materials was discarded.
Conditions Governing Access: Boxes 4 and 5 are restricted and may be used only with the permission of the University Archivist.
Related Materials: See also: Oral Memoirs of Malcolm Dole, April 17, 1979 - October 14, 1980 by the Baylor University Project, Baylor University Program for Oral History (1981). A transcription of this interview is shelved in the Northwestern University Archives Faculty Authors Collection. The original eight hour videotaped interview is available at The Texas Collection, Baylor University, Waco, Texas.The Texas Collection Archives, Baylor University, Waco, Texas, holds the Malcolm Dole Collection, containing Dole's lectures, reading and lecture notes at conferences, data interpretation, abstracts of student research and some photographs.
Repository: Northwestern University Archives
Deering Library, Room 110
1970 Campus Dr.
Evanston, IL, 60208-2300
URL: http://www.library.northwestern.edu/archives
Email: archives@northwestern.edu
Phone: 847-491-3354

Biographical/Historical Information

Chemist Malcolm Dole was born on March 4, 1903 in Melrose, Massachusetts. He was a member of Northwestern's faculty, teaching in the Chemistry Department. In 1964 he began a joint appointment with the Materials Research Center until his retirement in 1969. Dole's research interests focused on electrochemistry and polymer chemistry. His contributions to the field included discovering the “Dole Effect”. Malcolm Dole passed away on November 29, 1990 at his home in Los Gatos, California.

With his twin brother Kenneth, Dole attended Harvard University where he received a Bachelor of Arts in Chemistry in 1924, a Master of Arts in Chemistry in 1926, and a Doctorate in Physical Chemistry in 1928. From 1928 to 1930, Dole was a Postdoctoral Research Assistant at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. During this time he also studied with Peter Debye and Hans Falkenhagen at the University of Leipzig.

Dole joined the faculty at Northwestern University in 1930 as an Instructor in Chemistry, marking the beginning of a career at Northwestern that would span almost forty years. Between 1930 and 1943 he held the positions of instructor, assistant professor and associate professor in the Chemistry Department. During World War II, Dole participated in gas mask research at Northwestern (1941-1943) and then was involved in Manhattan Project work, also at Northwestern (1942-1943). He took a leave of absence to serve as the civilian director of the National Defense Research Council Chemical Warfare Research Laboratory at Dugway Proving Grounds, and as the technical director of field trials of non-persistent war gases in Idaho and Florida. He later served as acting technical director of the thermal diffusion plant in Oak Ridge, Tennessee (1944-45).

Upon completion of his war duties, Dole returned to Northwestern as Professor of Chemistry. In 1963 he became Professor of Chemistry and Materials Science, and from 1964 to 1969 held a joint appointment in this department and in Northwestern's new Materials Research Center, which had been founded in 1959. After retiring from Northwestern University in 1969, Dole became the Robert A. Welch Professor of Chemistry at Baylor University and taught courses in physical and polymer chemistry until his retirement from Baylor in 1982.

Dole made significant contributions to the field of physical chemistry (especially in electrochemistry and polymer chemistry) during his career. Among his contributions were the discovery of the “Dole Effect” (1935), in which he proved that the atomic weight of oxygen in air is greater than that of oxygen in water, work on glass electrodes (1941), and the cross-linking of polymers (1966). In 1966 he pioneered the development of a form of mass spectrometry that would become electrospray ionization (ESIMS) in the 1980's. His principal publications include Experimental and Theoretical Electrochemistry (1935), The Glass Electrode (1941), Introduction to Statistical Thermodynamics (1954), and The Radiation Chemistry of Macromolecules (2 vol., 1973). In addition, he was the author of over 200 scientific papers and articles.

Dole received many honors throughout his career. Among these were the Army-Navy Certificate of Appreciation; Outstanding Faculty Scholar at Baylor University; Southwest Regional Award of the American Chemical Society; and the A. Ottenberg Service Award of the Santa Clara Valley chapter of the American Chemical Society. In addition, he was appointed an honorary faculty member of the University of San Marcos in Lima, Peru, and of the University of Chile, in Santiago, Chile. Dole served as a member of the Physical Chemistry Advisory panel, Office of Naval Research; member of the Chemistry Review Committee of the Argonne National Laboratory; advisory panel member of the National Science Foundation; and consultant to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He also served as a Trustee of the Gordon Research Conferences; President of the Association of Harvard Chemists; and Vice-president of the Electrochemical Society.

Dole was an avid yachtsman. While at Northwestern he belonged to the Sheridan Shores Yacht Club, where he won numerous sailing awards. He continued his sailing at Baylor University as a member of the Ridgewood Yacht Club.

He was also known as an ardent bicyclist, riding his bike to campus each day in Evanston and in Waco. In 1961, he was arrested for bicycling on Sheridan Road after an ordinance was passed prohibiting bicycle riding on busy streets. Dole won his court case due to a technicality - no signs stating the restriction had been posted.

Malcolm Dole passed away on November 29, 1990 at his home in Los Gatos, California at the age of 87. He was survived by his wife, his daughter, son and three grandchildren.

Scope and Content

The Malcolm Dole (1903-1990) Papers fill eleven boxes (including two slide and two drop-front boxes), spanning the years 1924 to 1990 and including materials from his tenures at both Northwestern and Baylor. The bulk of the papers consist of personal data, personal financial records, and materials relating to research projects. The papers are arranged in five sub-series: Biographical, Correspondence, Teaching, Personal Financial, and Research Files.

The biographical files, spanning the years 1924 to 1989, include personal data, clippings, news releases, obituaries, notes on the Dole Symposium at Baylor University, date books, passports, and the log of Dole's yacht, the Malolo III. Items are arranged chronologically within folders. Several items are of particular interest, including clippings about the “Pedaling Professor” and a 1946 news release detailing Dole's wartime research experience. The scrapbook Malcolm Dole: A Lifetime of Contributions, was created by the Chemistry Department at Baylor University upon Dole's retirement, and contains photographs, clippings, a biographical sketch, and letters of congratulations. Also of interest are Dole's Cambridge Journal (July 8-28, 1933) which records his impressions during a research trip to England, and his Post-Bellum Diary (1948-1950) that describes his travels to meetings and presentations after World War II. The file titled “Driving Directions,” containing 3x5 cards with directions to friends' homes and other locations, sheds light on Dole's thought processes.

The correspondence files, spanning the years 1951 to 1989, are arranged chronologically by date and include mainly personal correspondence (mostly incoming, but some outgoing), letters of congratulation upon Dole's retirement, and a few business letters.

The teaching file contains several exam questions, date and course unknown.

Personal financial records, spanning the years 1929 to 1990, are arranged chronologically and include meticulously detailed daily, monthly, and yearly budgets for travel and household expenses.

Research files, spanning the years 1929 to 1987, are arranged chronologically by project and include reports, proposals, article reprints, and correspondence. The “Research Notes” folder includes parts of articles and a small notebook with references to cancer experiments. Two boxes hold slides arranged by subject. These slides were used for lectures and presentations at various symposiums and conferences. Topics include Radiation Chemistry, the History of Oxygen, H2 Solubility, Cancer, Viscosity, and Macro Ions. The papers also document his work on projects for the Atomic Energy Commission (1966-76).

Slides include graphs and charts Dole prepared for lectures and symposia in San Diego, Tokyo, Ottawa, and Houston on oxygen, viscosity, radiation chemistry, and other topics.

Drop-front boxes hold some of the many awards Dole received. Box 10 contains the professional awards garnered by Dole throughout his career. Among these are an academic award for algebra (1917), the A. Ottenberg Service Award (1987), the ACS Southwest Regional Award (1979), a certificate from the Henry Wade Rogers Society at Northwestern University (1988), and various retirement plaques and certificates from Baylor University (1982). Box 11 contains various yachting trophies including the Wilmette Arrow Fleet Antwerp Series (1967), the John S. Knight Award from the Chicago Daily News Regatta (1956), and the C.C.Y.C. Hobleman Regatta (1969).

Subjects

Corporate Name

Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Department of Chemistry--Faculty

Personal Name

Dole, Malcolm, 1903-1990

Subjects

Chemical warfare--Research--United States

Chemistry--Study and teaching (Higher)


Container List / Contents

  • Biographical Files
    • Personal Data, 1950-1966Box 1, Folder 1
    • Clippings, 1947-1961Box 1, Folder 2
    • News Releases, 1946-1967Box 1, Folder 3
    • Harvard Class of 1924 Yearbook, 1924Box 1, Folder 4
    • Obituaries, 1990Box 1, Folder 5
    • Malcolm Dole: A Lifetime of Contributions, 1982Box 1, Folder 6
    • Dole Symposium, 1982Box 1, Folder 7
    • Address Book, n.d.Box 1, Folder 8
    • Date Books, 1927, 1954-1959Box 1, Folder 9
    • Date Books, 1960-1970Box 1, Folder 10
    • Date Books, 1971-1980Box 2, Folder 1
    • Date Books, 1981-1989Box 2, Folder 2
    • Diary: “Cambridge Journal”, 1933Box 2, Folder 3
    • Diary: “Post-Bellum Diary”, 1948-1950Box 2, Folder 4
    • Driving Directions (3x5 index cards), n.d.Box 2, Folder 5
    • Passports, 1959-1986Box 2, Folder 6
    • Yacht Club Directories, Handbooks, 1948-1956, 1982Box 3, Folder 1
    • Log of the Malolo III, Book III, 1966-1981Box 3, Folder 2
  • Correspondence
    • Correspondence, 1951-1982Box 3, Folder 3
    • Correspondence, 1983-1989Box 3, Folder 4
    • Correspondence, n.d.Box 3, Folder 5
  • Teaching File
    • Exam Questions, n.d.Box 3, Folder 6
  • Personal Financial Records
      Conditions governing access:  RESTRICTED
    • European Trip Financial Ledger, 1929Box 4
    • Daily Financial Ledger, 1950-1957Box 4
    • Daily Financial Ledger, 1957-1963Box 4
    • Daily Financial Ledger, 1963-1976Box 4
    • Household Financial Ledger, 1977-1981Box 4
    • Household Financial Ledger, 1981-1986Box 4
    • Alaskan Trip Financial Ledger, 1986Box 4
    • Household Financial Ledger, 1987-1990Box 4
    • Budget Summaries, 1979-1990Box 4
    • Financial Records, 1963-1967Box 5, Folder 1
    • Stock Information, 1962-1988Box 5, Folder 2
    • Medical File, 1975, 1983-1984Box 5, Folder 3
    • Medicare/Retirement Information, 1966-1979Box 5, Folder 4
  • Research Files
    • Article Reprints, 1929-1987Box 6, Folder 1
    • Proposals, 1954-1959Box 6, Folder 2
    • Proposals, 1954-1959Box 6, Folder 3
    • Reports, 1960-1961Box 6, Folder 4
    • Reports, 1960-1961Box 6, Folder 5
    • Polyethylene Radiation Project, 1959-1961Box 6, Folder 6
    • Reports and Publications Vol. II, 1962-1967Box 6, Folder 7
    • Reports and Publications Vol. II, 1962-1967Box 6, Folder 8
    • Office of Ordnance Research Reports, 1952-1955Box 6, Folder 9
    • Office of Ordnance Research Reports, 1952-1955Box 6, Folder 10
    • Quarterly Progress Reports 1-13, 1958-1961Box 6, Folder 11
    • Quarterly Progress Reports 1-13, 1958-1961Box 6, Folder 12
    • A.E.C. Projects, 1966-1969Box 7, Folder 1
    • A.E.C. Projects, 1966-1969Box 7, Folder 2
    • A.E.C. - Baylor Projects, 1969-1976Box 7, Folder 3
    • A.E.C. - Baylor Projects, 1969-1976Box 7, Folder 4
    • A.E.C. - Baylor Projects, 1973-1976Box 7, Folder 5
    • A.E.C. - Baylor Projects, 1973-1976Box 7, Folder 6
    • N.S.F. Projects, 1970-1976Box 7, Folder 7
    • N.S.F. Projects, 1970-1976Box 7, Folder 8
    • Research Notes, n.d.Box 7, Folder 9
  • Chemistry Slides
    • lectures/symposia in San Diego, Tokyo, Ottawa, Houston, n.d.Box 8
  • Chemistry Slides
    • History of Oxygen, hydrogen solubility, cancer, viscosity, macro ionization, misc., n.d.Box 9
  • Professional Awards
    • Awards, 1917-1988Box 10
  • Yachting Awards
    • Awards, 1956-1971Box 11