Guide to the Frances E. Willard (1839-1898) Journal Transcriptions
|Collection Title:||Frances E. Willard (1839-1898) Journal Transcriptions|
|Creator:||Willard, Frances E. (Frances Elizabeth), 1839-1898
|Language of Materials:||English|
|Abstract:||The series consists of a photocopy of approximately 2000 pages of typed transcriptions of journals kept by Frances E. Willard
between 1855 and 1896 (the original hand-written journal totals over 8,000 pages). Willard kept journals continuously from
the age of 16 to 31, and then from age 54 to 57. The journals are an invaluable resource for understanding the life and thought
of one of the most important American women of the nineteenth century.
The transcriptions are organized by journal year. Each journal is contained in one folder. The journals are numbered, and the folder numbers correspond to the journal number (thus there is a folder 17A to reflect the number of the journal it holds).
|Acquisition Information:||The transcriptions of Frances Willard's journals were donated to the University Archives by the transcriber, Carolyn DeSwarte Gifford (author of Writing Out My Heart: Selections from the Journal of Frances E. Willard, 1855-1896), on January 14, 1998, as Accession # 98-7.|
|Processing Information:||Janet C. Olson, Spring 2005.|
|Separated Materials:||Post-it notes placed by Carolyn Gifford to mark pages she referred to while working on her edited volume of the Frances Willard journals were removed.|
|Conditions Governing Access:||None.|
|Repository:||Northwestern University Archives
Deering Library, Room 110
1970 Campus Dr.
Evanston, IL, 60208-2300
Best known for her leadership (1879-1898) of the influential Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Willard also supported and often spearheaded a wide variety of social reforms, including woman suffrage, economic equality, and fair labor laws. Willard gained an international reputation through her speeches and publications. She was the first woman to be honored with a statue in the U.S Capitol building, and her Evanston home was one of the first house museums to in the country.
Biographical information about Willard is extensive. For an excellent overview of her life, see the entry “Frances E. Willard” by Carolyn DeSwarte Gifford in:
Women Building Chicago, 1790-1990, A Biographical Dictionary (Indiana University Press, 2001).
Writing Out My Heart: Selections from the Journal of Frances E. Willard, 1855-1896 (University of Illinois Press, 1995), edited by Gifford.
Mary Earhart, Frances Willard: From Prayers to Politics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1944).
Scope and Content
The series consists of a photocopy of approximately 2000 pages of typed transcriptions of journals kept by Frances E. Willard between 1855 and 1896 (the original hand-written journal totals over 8,000 pages). Willard kept journals continuously from the age of 16 to 31, and then from age 54 to 57. The journals are an invaluable resource for understanding the life and thought of one of the most important American women of the nineteenth century.
The journals (many of which had previously been microfilmed, but never transcribed) had been considered lost, but were rediscovered in the Willard Memorial Library and Archives in 1982. Carolyn DeSwarte Gifford began transcribing the journals, deciphering Willard's often difficult handwriting, in 1986. In 1995, Gifford published Writing Out My Heart: Selections from the Journal of Frances E. Willard, 1855-1896. A complete description of Gifford's process of transcribing the entire journal, as well as her decisions about the selection process for the edited book, is found in the introductory chapter entitled “Editorial Method” in Writing Out My Heart.
The transcriptions are organized by journal year. Each journal is contained in one folder. The journals are numbered, and the folder numbers correspond to the journal number (thus there is a folder 17A to reflect the number of the journal it holds). There are four exceptions to this numbering. Folder 50 contains a transcription of a brief volume that Willard had labeled “Notes and Memos,” dating between 1875 and 1889. Folder 51 holds transcriptions of pages from the journal of Anna Gordon, Willard's secretary, relating to Willard's death; and Folder 52 holds transcriptions of pages from the journal of Willard's sister Mary, who died in 1862. Throughout, there may be some annotations and notes handwritten by the transcriber.
Especially useful to the researcher are the summaries (mostly 1-2 typewritten pages) that Gifford prepared for each journal, which are contained in Folder 53. Also included in Folder 53 are photocopies of several pages, annotated by Gifford and relating to the microfilmed diaries, from the Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the Temperance and Prohibition Papers (edited by Randall C. Jimerson, Francis X. Blouin, Charles A. Isetts; Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, c1977).
Container List / Contents
- 1, January - July 1855Box 1, Folder 1
- 2, July - September 1855Box 1, Folder 2
- 3, September - December 1855Box 1, Folder 3
- 4, January- December 1856Box 1, Folder 4
- 5, January- December 1857Box 1, Folder 5
- 6, February- May 1859Box 1, Folder 6
- 7, May 1859Box 1, Folder 7
- 8, May- August 1859Box 1, Folder 8
- 9, August 1859- January 1860Box 1, Folder 9
- 10, January 1860Box 1, Folder 10
- 11, January- April 1860Box 1, Folder 11
- 12, April- June 1860Box 1, Folder 12
- 13, June- October 1860Box 1, Folder 13
- 14, September 1860Box 1, Folder 14
- 15, October 1860- February 1861Box 1, Folder 15
- 16, February- June 1861Box 1, Folder 16
- 17.1, June- September 1861Box 1, Folder 17
- 17A, January- February 1862Box 2, Folder 17.20
- 18, September 1861- January 1862Box 2, Folder 18
- 19, February- October 1862Box 2, Folder 19
- 20, December 1862- January 1863Box 2, Folder 20
- 21, January- December 1863Box 2, Folder 21
- 22, July 1864- January 1865 (and March speech)Box 2, Folder 22
- 23, January- December 1866Box 2, Folder 23
- 24, January- December 1867Box 2, Folder 24
- 25, January- December 1868Box 2, Folder 25
- 26, January- February 1869Box 2, Folder 26
- 27, February- May 1869Box 2, Folder 27
- 28, May- July 1869Box 2, Folder 28
- 29, July- August 1869Box 2, Folder 29
- 30, August 1869Box 2, Folder 30
- 31, September 1869Box 3, Folder 31
- 32, September- November 1869Box 3, Folder 32
- 33, November- December 1869Box 3, Folder 33
- 34, December 1869- February 1870Box 3, Folder 34
- 35, March 1870Box 3, Folder 35
- 36, March- April 1870Box 3, Folder 36
- 37, April 1870Box 3, Folder 37
- 38, April 1870Box 3, Folder 38
- 39, April 1870Box 3, Folder 39
- 40, April 1870Box 3, Folder 40
- 41, May 1870Box 3, Folder 41
- 42, May 1870Box 3, Folder 42
- 43, May-June 1870Box 3, Folder 43
- 44, June- July 1870Box 3, Folder 44
- 45, January- May 1881Box 3, Folder 45
- 46, January- February 1883Box 3, Folder 46
- 47, January- March 1888Box 3, Folder 47
- 48, January- December 1893Box 3, Folder 48
- 49, January- December 1896Box 3, Folder 49
- 50 / Notes and Memos, January 1875- January 1889Box 3, Folder 50
- 51 / Selections from Anna Gordons journal, 1898Box 3, Folder 51
- 52 / Selections from Mary Willards journals, 1860-1862Box 3, Folder 52
- 53/ Journal Summaries by Carolyn Gifford; Annotated pages from, ca. 1986Box 3, Folder 53