Guide to the Harold S. Hulbert Papers

Collection Title: Harold S. Hulbert Papers
Dates: 1920-1956
Identification: 55/23
Creator: Hulbert, Harold S. (Harold Stacey), 1887-1949
Extent: 2 Boxes
Language of Materials: English
Abstract: The Papers of psychiatrist Harold Hulbert include notes and correspondence pertaining to his examination of John Kammerer, a convicted murderer executed February 13, 1925; and statements, reports, and evidence Hulbert obtained as a consultant in the celebrated Leopold and Loeb murder case of 1924.
Acquisition Information: The Kammerer materials were eparated from the papers of John H. Wigmore, November 18, 1987 (Accession 87-243); the Leopold and Loeb materials were separated from the John H. Wigmore Papers on June 21, 1988.
Processing Information: Kevin B. Leonard; November 19, 1987.
Conditions Governing Access: None.
Repository: Northwestern University Archives
Deering Library, Room 110
1970 Campus Dr.
Evanston, IL, 60208-2300
URL: http://www.library.northwestern.edu/archives
Email: archives@northwestern.edu
Phone: 847-491-3354

Biographical/Historical Information

Harold Stacey Hulbert was born January 27, 1887 at Newburyport, Massachusetts, the son of Palmer Stephen and Rosa M. (Stacey) Hulbert. He graduated from Oak Park (Illinois) High School in 1906 and took an M.D. degree from the University of Michigan Medical School in 1914. In addition to numerous medical positions, Hulbert served as a trial witness and prepared forensic case studies for a number of criminal trials, including those of Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb, and John Kammerer.

Hulbert served on the resident staff of Michigan's State Psychopathic Hospital in Ann Arbor, 1914-1917, and was a demonstrator in mental diseases at the University of Michigan, 1915-1917. He directed the Detroit Psychopathic Clinic, 1916, and worked with the National Committee for Mental Hygiene. Between 1917 and 1919 Hulbert was an officer in the United States Navy. From 1919 through 1929 he was an instructor and, later, an associate in neurology at the University of Illinois. For several years after 1929 Hulbert was a psychiatrist for child guidance clinics in Gary and East Chicago, Indiana.

From 1921 to his death Hulbert maintained a private medical practice specializing in neurology and psychiatry. He was known as one of the leading psychiatric expert witnesses of his time and in this capacity he prepared forensic case studies for a number of celebrated criminal trials. Hulbert was a defense witness at the 1924 murder trial of Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb.

Hulbert was a member of numerous professional, social, and fraternal organizations. From 1932 to his death he was an associate editor of the Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. He authored several articles and co-authored “Forensic Neuro-Psychiatric Examination of Testator” (1928) and “The Military Chaplain and His Parishioners” (1943).

Hulbert married Alice Margaret Jenks of Aurora, Illinois on April 21, 1917. The couple had two children: Harold Stacey, who died in childhood, and Margaret Helen (Mrs. Kenneth Buckingham Marble). Hulbert died on February 14, 1949.

Scope and Content

The Harold S. Hulbert Papers fill two boxes. The first box contains Hulbert's notes and correspondence pertaining to his examination of John Kammerer, a convicted murderer executed February 13, 1925 at Wheaton, Illinois. The second box contains materials relating to the Leopold and Loeb murder case of 1924, for which Hulbert served as a consultant.

Kammerer, a native of Bavaria, came to the United States in 1906. He claimed to have had a difficult and unhappy childhood. Kammerer had hoped to pursue studies leading to ordination in the Roman Catholic Church but was rejected from several seminaries. His experiences with the Church left him with a lasting bitterness toward its clergy. Kammerer held a series of marginal restaurant jobs in Chicago and the Midwest and made few acquaintances and friends. A minor dispute with one acquaintance, Otto Eder of Villa Park, Illinois, prompted Kammerer to kill Eder along with Eder's wife and three children on June 27, 1924. Police apprehended Kammerer for this crime on July 12, 1925, and he was indicted on October 9th of that year. Kammerer stood trial in DuPage County beginning December 1, 1924 and was found guilty on December 8th.

Hulbert was a defense witness at the Kammerer trial and attempted to convince the jury of the defendant's insanity. In this regard Hulbert quoted one juror who spoke after the verdict: “We knew he was crazy, Doc, but we also felt he was too mean to live, so we voted to hang him. Don't you feel badly; it was the information you got which made us realize he was both guilty and crazy.” (Box 1, Folder 3)

Included with Hulbert's examination notes are several of Kammerer's holographic writings, which describe his life, the Eder murders, other crimes committed, and the attempted poisoning in 1916 of George Cardinal Mundelein, Catholic Archbishop of Chicago. Hulbert believed that Kammerer, using the alias Jean Crones, was a primary suspect in this crime.

Hulbert considered authoring a book or article on Kammerer and his crimes but never completed the project.

The addition to the Harold S. Hulbert Papers consists of Hulbert's contributions as a consulting psychiatrist in the celebrated Loeb and Leopold case of 1924. Hulbert, in conjunction with Karl M. Bowman M.D., conducted lengthy psychiatric and physical examinations of Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb.

The contents of this addition include the write-up of these evaluations, the full confessions and statements by Leopold and Loeb to the authorities, photographic copies of check receipts, examples of handwriting, and examples of typewriting. The photographic copies appear to have been used as court evidence. Also included are the original ransom notes written to Jacob Franks concerning the kidnapping of his son, Robert.

Addition, Box 2

This addition to the Harold S. Hulbert Papers consists of Hulbert's contributions as a consulting psychiatrist in the celebrated Loeb and Leopold case of 1924. Hulbert, in conjunction with Karl M. Bowman M.D., conducted lengthy psychiatric and physical examinations of Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb. The contents of this addition include the write-up of these evaluations, the full confessions and statements by Leopold and Loeb to the authorities, photographic copies of check receipts, examples of handwriting, and examples of typewriting. The photographic copies appear to have been used as court evidence. Also included are the original ransom notes written to Jacob Franks concerning the kidnapping of his son, Robert.

Arrangement of Materials

The case notes and Kammerer's writings are arranged according to an index prepared by Hulbert. The index, filed with the series, explains the nature or purposes of the various documents included. A few biographical materials pertaining to Hulbert are filed at the end of the series.

Subjects

Personal Name

Kammerer, John, -1925

Leopold, Nathan Freudenthal, 1904-1971

Loeb, Richard A., 1905-1936

Subjects

Murder--Illinois--Chicago--Case studies

Murderers--Illinois

Murderers--Psychology


Container List / Contents

  • Correspondence and Hulbert's Introduction to the Kammerer Case, 1933-1939, n.d.Box 1, Folder 1
  • Index to Hulbert's Abstract and Case DocumentsBox 1, Folder 2
  • Abstract of Crimes, Arrest, Trial, and Psychiatric Study of John KammererBox 1, Folder 3
  • Index to Case Documents (“Sections”)Box 1, Folder 4
  • Hulbert's Examination NotesBox 1, Folder 5
  • Hulbert's Notes Concerning Kammerer's ConfessionBox 1, Folder 6
  • Hulbert's Original Examination NotesBox 1, Folder 7
  • Hulbert's Post Verdict Examination NotesBox 1, Folder 8
  • Detective's Notes Concerning John KammererBox 1, Folder 9
  • Correspondence and ClippingsBox 1, Folder 10
  • Parole Board CorrespondenceBox 1, Folder 11
  • Hulbert's Notes Concerning Jean CronesBox 1, Folder 12
  • Hulbert—Kammerer CorrespondenceBox 1, Folder 13
  • Kammerer's Journal: “Autobiography, General”Box 1, Folder 14
  • Transcription (See Folder 14)Box 1, Folder 15
  • Kammerer's Journal: “Villa Park Quintuple Murders”Box 1, Folder 16
  • Transcription (See Folder 16)Box 1, Folder 17
  • Kammerer's Journal: “Contemplated Crimes and Murder List”Box 1, Folder 18
  • Transcription (See Folder 18)Box 1, Folder 19
  • Kammerer's Journal: “Miscellaneous Crimes”Box 1, Folder 20
  • Transcription (See Folder 20)Box 1, Folder 21
  • Kammerer's Journal: “Mundelein Banquet Poisoning and the Jean Crones Mystery”Box 1, Folder 22
  • Transcription (See Folder 22)Box 1, Folder 23
  • Harold S. Hulbert: Biographical Materials, 1920-1956Box 1, Folder 24
  • Addition
    • Loeb & Leopold Case: Richard Loeb Psychiatric Evaluation by Karl M Bowman and Harold S. HulbertBox 2, Folder 1
    • Loeb & Leopold Case: Nathan Leopold Psychiatric Evaluation by Karl M. Bowman and Harold S. HulbertBox 2, Folder 2
    • Loeb & Leopold Case: Confessions and other statements of Leopold and LoebBox 2, Folder 3
    • Loeb & Leopold Case: 3 Photographic copies of Ransom letter to Jacob FranksBox 2, Folder 4
    • Loeb & Leopold Case: Photographic reproductions of court evidenceBox 2, Folder 5
    • Loeb & Leopold Case: Court envelope for Original ransom letter to Jacob Franks, May 21, 1924Box 2, Folder 6
    • Loeb & Leopold Case: Original instruction letter left in car Quarren # 507 in telegram rackBox 2, Folder 7
    • Loeb & Leopold Case: Original letter sent to Jacob Franks, May 21, 1924Box 2, Folder 8