Guide to the William Albert Locy (1857-1924) Papers

Collection Title: William Albert Locy (1857-1924) Papers
Dates: 1901-1924
Identification: 11/3/7/3
Creator: Locy, William A. (William Albert), 1857-1924
Extent: 3 Boxes
Language of Materials: English
Abstract: The William Albert Locy Papers are arranged in five main categories in three boxes containing twenty-one folders and one bound volume. The categories are: biographical material; correspondence; reprints; lecture and miscellaneous notes; manuscripts.
Processing Information: William K. Beatty, 1976
Conditions Governing Access: None.
Repository: Northwestern University Archives
Deering Library, Room 110
1970 Campus Dr.
Evanston, IL, 60208-2300
URL: http://www.library.northwestern.edu/archives
Email: archives@northwestern.edu
Phone: 847-491-3354

Biographical/Historical Information

William Albert Locy, a popular teacher, lucid writer, and indi-vidual devoted to the history of his subjects, was born on September 14, 1857, in Troy, Michigan. He was the son of Lorenzo Dow and Sarah Kingsbury Locy. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in 1881, a Master of Science degree in 1884, and an honorary Doctor of Science degree in 1906, all from the University of Michigan. In 1895 he was given the Doctor of Philosophy degree by the University of Chicago.

William Albert Locy, a popular teacher, lucid writer, and indi-vidual devoted to the history of his subjects, was born on September 14, 1857, in Troy, Michigan. He was the son of Lorenzo Dow and Sarah Kingsbury Locy. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in 1881, a Master of Science degree in 1884, and an honorary Doctor of Science degree in 1906, all from the University of Michigan. In 1895 he was given the Doctor of Philosophy degree by the University of Chicago.

Locy's teaching career began at the State Normal School, St. Cloud, Minnesota, where he was professor of natural science, 1885-1886. He then moved to Minneapolis for 1886-1887 where he served as director of biological instruction in the city's high school. From 1887 to 1896 Locy taught at Lake Forest University, Lake For-est, Illinois, holding professorships successively in biology, compar-ative anatomy, and animal morphology. For part of 1891 he was pro-fessor of physiology at Rush Medical College, Chicago. Moving to Northwestern in 1896 Locy served as professor of zoology and director of the zoological laboratory until his death on October 9, 1924. Locy also took graduate training at Harvard, under E. L. Mark, and did research at the Marine Biological Station, Wood's Hole, Mass., and at the Stazione Zoologica, Naples.

Locy's commitment to teaching is indicated by the fact that he supervised the elementary course in biology at Northwestern as long as he was at the University, and introduced courses on the anatomy and physiology of the cell, the central nervous system, and in the history of biology.

His doctoral thesis, “Contributions to the Structure and Development of the Vertebrate Head”, was a classic that provided the basis for later research by Locy and his students. Locy's research dealt with the development of the brain and cranial nerves, the development of the Nervus Terminalis, and the morphology of the spider. He contributed over two dozen substantial scientific papers.

Locy's historical interests grew, especially during the latter part of his career, and led directly to his three books, all soundly-based popularizations: Biology and its Makers (1908; Ger. trans., 1915; 3rd ed., 1922), The Main Currents of Zoology (1918), and The Story of Biology (1925), an expansion of Part I of Biology and its Makers.

Locy was an active member of several institutions and soci-eties. He served as a trustee of the Marine Biological Station, Wood's Hole, for a quarter of a century. He was a member of the American Zoological Society for many years (President, 1915), and a founder and first vice-president of the History of Science Section of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

On June 26, 1883, Locy married Ellen Eastman, daughter of Joseph Eastman, M.D., of Flint, Michigan. Among their children were John L., a salesman in Kansas City, Mo., and Francis Eastman, a 1st Lieutenant in the U.S. Navy.

Scope and Content

The William Albert Locy Papers are arranged in five main categories in three boxes containing twenty-one folders and one bound volume. The categories are: biographical material; correspondence; reprints; lecture and miscellaneous notes; manuscripts.

Biographical Material consists primarily of three reprints: 1, the biographical sketch from the National Cyclopedia of American Biography (1920); 2, an obituary by his colleague, Prof. C. E. Tharaldsen (Scientific Monthly 21: 478-486, 1925); and 3, pp. 12-13, 16-19, in Clarence L. Turner's “A Century of Biology at Northwestern University” (Bios 25: 3-34, March, 1954). All three have the same portrait.

Correspondence consists mostly of letters to Locy, though a few (mostly drafts) are from him. Many of the letters deal with Locy's publications, primarily books and reprints, or potential publications - the longest ser-ies, 26 items, pertains to a Cyclopedia of Biology proposed un-successfully to several publishers by Locy and John M. Coulter of the University of Chicago. This eventually was published as part of Biology and its Makers. Correspondents include J. Christian Bay, William Bulloch, William Deering, E. L. Mark, Charles L. Minot, Charles Singer, and Lynn Thorndike.

Reprints are contained in 1 folder and 1 bound volume. The bound volume contains 18 reprints of Locy's papers (1884-1905). Included here are two short student papers in type-script.

Lecture and Miscellaneous Notes consinsts of brief lecture notes (1901) on the history of zoology and a variety of items.

The Manuscripts Series contains typed and printed versions of books and articles and related notes. These include revisions and carbon copy of submitted typescript for The Story of Biology, related notes, and corrections. There is also a page-proof version of The Main Currents of Zoology. In addition, three full-length unpublished volumes are listed by the Library of Congress as being in the University of Pennsylvania Zoological Library.

Arrangement of Materials

The William Albert Locy Papers are arranged in five main categories in three boxes containing twenty-one folders and one bound volume. Material in each folder is arranged in chronological order by date.

Subjects

Corporate Name

Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.)--History

Personal Name

Bay, J. Christian (Jens Christian), 1871-1962

Bulloch, William, 1868-1941

Deering, William, 1826-1913

Locy, William A. (William Albert), 1857-1924

Mark, E. L. (Edward Laurens), 1847-1946

Minot, Charles Sedgwick, 1852-1914

Singer, Charles, 1876-1960

Thorndike, Lynn, 1882-1965

Subjects

Biology--Study and teaching


Container List / Contents

  • Biographical MaterialBox 1, Folder 1
  • General Correspondence, 1904-1924Box 1, Folder 2
  • Correspondence on Cyclopedia of Biology, 1903-1904Box 1, Folder 3
  • Reprints by Locy and othersBox 1, Folder 4
  • Lecture and Miscellaneous NotesBox 1, Folder 5
  • ADDITION: Lecture Notes-Zoology “D”Box 1, Folder 6
      Scope and Contents: Array
  • Locy's reprints, 1884-1905Box 1, Volume 1
  • "Growth of Biology" - miscellaneous notesBox 2, Folder 1
  • "Brief History of Biology" - notesBox 2, Folder 2
  • "Growth of Biology" - draftBox 2, Folder 3
  • "Growth of Biology" - typescriptBox 2, Folder 4
  • "Growth of Biology" - correctionsBox 2, Folder 5
  • "A Short History of Biology" - draftBox 3, Folder 1
  • "Story of Biology" - PrefaceBox 3, Folder 2
  • "Story of Biology" - List of IllustrationsBox 3, Folder 3
  • "Story of Biology" - Chapts. I - VIII, and misc.Box 3, Folder 4
  • "Story of Biology" - Chapt. XIX (i.e., XX)Box 3, Folder 5
  • "Story of Biology" - BibliographyBox 3, Folder 6
  • "Story of Biology" - misc. notesBox 3, Folder 7
  • Miscellaneous Manuscripts - 1Box 3, Folder 8
  • Miscellaneous Manuscripts - 2Box 3, Folder 9
  • The Background of Zoology, Part I - draftBox 3, Folder 10
  • The Main Currents of Zoology - page proofBox 3, Folder 11