Guide to the Hiram T. Langston (1912-1992) Papers

Collection Title: Hiram T. Langston (1912-1992) Papers
Dates: 1936-1982
Identification: 18/3/20/1
Creator: Langston, Hiram T. (Hiram Thomas), 1912-1992
Extent: 5 Boxes
Language of Materials: English
Abstract: Thoracic surgeon and Northwestern University Medical School professor Hiram Thomas Langston filled many rolls throughout his career: operating a private practice, serving as faculty, consulting, and chief surgeon. He joined the Northwestern University faculty late in his career, serving from 1978 until his retirement in 1981. The Hiram T. Langston Papers, comprising five boxes and spanning the years from 1936-1982, are divided into five subseries: biographical materials; general correspondence; subject files; research and related materials on autologous blood transfusion including clinical outpatient and consultation reports, and lecture and research notes; and publications and speeches. A scrapbook has also been added to the collection.
Acquisition Information: Donated to the University Archives by Dr. Hiram T. Langston in three accessions between July and September, 1982 (Accessions #82-84, #82-113, and #82-140).
Processing Information: Beverly A. Ford; December, 1983. The addition was processed by Kevin B. Leonard; February 1, 1984.
Separated Materials: Photographs, mainly clinical and used as article illustrations, have been separated to the University Archives' photograph collection.
Conditions Governing Access: Patient records are included in Box 1, Folder 5; Box 2, Folder 11; Box 3, Folders 4, 6, and 11; and Box 4, Folder 1. These folders may be used only with permission of the University Archivist.
Repository: Northwestern University Archives
Deering Library, Room 110
1970 Campus Dr.
Evanston, IL, 60208-2300
URL: http://www.library.northwestern.edu/archives
Email: archives@northwestern.edu
Phone: 847-491-3354

Biographical/Historical Information

Thoracic surgeon and Northwestern University Medical School professor Hiram Thomas Langston was born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on January 12, 1912, of American parents (Louise Foe Duiguid and Alva B. Langston) employed in the Southern Baptist Convention educational missions. Throughout his career, Lanston filled many roles: operating a private practice, serving as faculty, consulting, and chief surgeon. He joined the faculty of Northwestern University late in his career, from 1978 until his retirement in 1981.

Educated in Rio de Janeiro until his sophomore year (1928) at Collegio Batista, Langston then attended Georgetown College (Kentucky, 1929) and the University of Louisville where he earned both his bachelor's and M.D. degrees (1930-1934). He was a member of Theta Kappa Psi social fraternity and Alpha Omega Alpha medical fraternity during this time. After interning at Garfield Memorial Hospital, Washington, D.C. (1934-1935) and spending a residency in pathology there (1935-1937), Langston moved to Ann Arbor, Michigan, where he did residencies, held a position as instructor in thoracic surgery, and earned a master of science in surgery degree (1937-1941).

In 1941, Langston married Helen M. Orth. The couple subsequently had three children.

After a year spent in private practice and as associate in surgery at Northwestern University, Langston was called into the Army during World War II and spent four years (1942-1946) in service. During the war he served as chief thoracic surgeon for the 12th General Hospital in North Africa and Italy. Langston was promoted to major and was awarded the Army Commendation Ribbon, the Bronze Star, and a Brazilian Air Force recognition, the Ordem do Merito Aeronautico. He later described his military service in an article, “The 12th General Hospital.”

In 1948 Langston entered private practice in thoracic surgery in Detroit, Michigan, and accepted a position as associate professor of surgery at Wayne State University. In 1952, he returned to Chicago as chief surgeon at the Chicago State Tuberculosis Sanitarium. In addition, Langston held appointments as associate professor of surgery at the University of Illinois College of Medicine, where he stayed until 1978; consultant in thoracic surgery at Hines Veterans Administration Hospital; and as staff physician at Augustana, Gottlieb, Grant, and Saint Joseph hospitals. He became clinical professor of surgery at the University of Illinois College of Medicine in 1962; was professor of surgery at the University of Illinois Abraham Lincoln School of Medicine (1963-1977); chief of thoracic surgery there (1973-1975); chairman of the department of surgery at St. Joseph Hospital (1977-1982); and professor of surgery at the Northwestern University Medical School (1978-1981). Northwestern awarded Langston emeritus status in 1981.

He was a member, participating committee member, and officer in many professional societies. He was a founding member of the Board of Thoracic Surgery; at various times secretary, vice president, and president of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery; vice president of the Chicago Surgical Society (1971-1972); representative for the Thoracic Surgery Division of the American Medical Association; chairman of the membership committee of the Chicago Surgical Society (1979); member of the long range planning committee of Saint Joseph Hospital (1978-1980); and staff vice president at Grant Hospital. Langston later became a member of the Grant Hospital board of directors.

Langston retired from practice in 1982. Hiram T. Langston died on May 20, 1992 in Chicago at the age of 80.

Scope and Content

The Hiram T. Langston Papers, comprising five boxes and spanning the years from 1936-1982, are divided into five subseries: biographical materials; general correspondence; subject files; research and related materials on autologous blood transfusion including clinical outpatient and consultation reports, and lecture and research notes; and publications and speeches.

Biographical materials fill five folders and include vitae, army papers, travel itineraries, and appointment books spanning the periods 1963-1965 and 1978-1980. Also included here are patient case records that Langston maintained between 1939 and 1941 as required for a fellowship in the American College of Surgeons.

General correspondence is arranged in chronological order within four folders. The correspondence is both incoming and outgoing and spans the period 1946 through 1982. Much of the material deals with professional memberships and activities although some personal correspondence is included. Langston was the representative (1967-1972) of the American College of Surgeons on the Residency Review Committee for Thoracic Surgery and served as the Committee's chairman from 1969 to 1972. His interest in surveying residency training programs in thoracic surgery is reflected in the general correspondence and in greater detail in the subject files, particularly the folders entitled “AMA Interspecialty Committee,” “Professional Standards Review Organization,” and “National Thoracic Surgery Manpower Study.” His involvement, from 1973 to 1978, in debates over cigarette smoking and lung cancer, and his position as consultant to Rothman's Ltd., also are documented in the general correspondence.

The subject files are arranged alphabetically by folder title. Within folders materials are arranged chronologically. The subject files mainly document Langston's professional interests and affiliations. Individual files are described briefly below.

The American Association for Thoracic Surgery (1958-1961)
Langston was secretary of the Association during this time and the materials reflect his activities in that position.

The American Association for Thoracic Surgery–Presidency (1969-1971)
The bulk of the file is correspondence with Leo Eloesser, whom Langston invited to speak at the Association's annual meeting in April, 1970.

AMA Interspecialty Committee (1971-1973)
Acting as alternate in 1972 and full representative in 1973, Langston was an advocate of the AMA's specialty section on thoracic surgery.

The American Trudeau Society (1951-1952)
Correspondence here reflects Lanston's interest in the activities of this society and in the study of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Chicago State Tuberculosis Sanatarium (1951-1971)
This file includes correspondence that pertains to Langson's move to Chicago from Detroit to become chief surgeon of the Sanatarium and his activities in that capacity to 1971. At the time he came to Chicago Langston also sought staff membership at Grant Hospital, Hines VA Hospital, and Presbyterian Hospital. The correspondence dating from May to July, 1971 deals exclusively with the closing of the Sanatarium. A gap in the correspondence exists for the period 1962-1970.

Economics in Thoracic Surgery (1954-1969)
Langston's involvement in a survey concerning thoracic surgery fee structure is reflected in this file of correspondence and in the paper he coauthored, “Problems of the Relative Worth of Surgical Procedures.” This material is a product of his memebership in the Committee on Thoracic Surgery Fees.

Illinois Surgical Society, Inc. (1959-1960)
This file includes correspondence and meeting programs.

Lecture Notes (1936-194 ?)
Notes on a variety of clinical topics date from the 1930's and 1940's.

Multi-Hospital Consortium (1971-1976)
While on staff at Grant Hospital, Langston recommended that area hospitals should cooperate and specialize rather than duplicate services and facilities.

National Thoracic Surgery Manpower Study (1972-1975)
Langston took part in an extensive nation-wide manpower survey and evaluation leading to a published report. In addition to the report, the folders include correspondence and reports concerning the United States' quantitative needs for thoracic surgeons.

Outpatient Records (1946-1948)
Mainly examinations and laboratory reports from Langston's work at Passavant Memorial Hospital.

Professional Standards Review Organization (1973-1976)
This file reflects Langston's active interest in establishing standards in thoracic surgery, beginning with his service to the AMA Interspecialty Council in 1972-1973.

Research Notes (n.d.)
This folder of research notes pertains to bronchial adenoma, tumors, and metastasis.

Tri-State Case Conference (1971)
Langston presented a paper, “Surgery for Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Status, 1971.” The correspondence reflects his preparations for delivery of this paper.

University of Illinois Faculty Appointment (February 1978-November 1978)
This file mainly concerns Langston's resignation from Illinois.

University of Missouri-Columbia (1975)
Correspondence here relates to the Missouri State Chest Hospital.

The subseries on autologous blood transfusion spans the years from 1961 to 1977 and consists of correspondence and draft reports and patient records. Langton's articles on the subject are filed separately in Box 3, Folder 5.

The publications and speeches subseries is divided into book publications and related materials individually foldered; published articles and reprints arranged alphabetically by title; published book reviews arranged alphabetically by title of book; speech materials; drafts of published articles, arranged alphabetically by title; and notes, drafts, and correspondence concerning apparently unpublished articles and papers presented at meetings. The drafts of published and unpublished articles and papers also are arranged by title alphabetically.

Addition, Box 5

This addition comprises one scrapbook of clippings, announcements, flyers, and programs pertaining to the career of Hiram T. Langston between the years 1952 and 1981. Most of the materials included concern professional meetings and Langston's speaking engagements. Items are arranged in a rough chronological order.

Subjects

Corporate Name

American Association for Thoracic Surgery

American Medical Association

Personal Name

Langston, Hiram T. (Hiram Thomas), 1912-1992--Archives


Container List / Contents

  • General Correspondence
    • General Correspondence, 1946-1969Box 1, Folder 6
    • General Correspondence, 1970-1974Box 2, Folder 1
    • General Correspondence, 1975-1978Box 2, Folder 2
    • General Correspondence, 1979-1982Box 2, Folder 3
  • Subject Files
    • American Association for Thoracic Surgery, 1958-1961Box 2, Folder 4
    • American Association for Thoracic Surgery, Presidency, 1969-1971Box 2, Folder 5
    • American Medical Association Interspecialty Committee, 1971-1973Box 2, Folder 6
    • American Trudeau Society, 1951-1952Box 2, Folder 7
    • Chicago State Tuberculosis Sanatarium, 1951-1971Box 2, Folder 8
    • Economics in Thoracic Surgery, 1954-1969Box 2, Folder 9
    • Illinois Surgical Society, Inc., 1959-1960Box 2, Folder 10
    • Lecture Notes, 1936-194?Box 2, Folder 11
    • Multi-Hospital Consortium, 1971-1976Box 2, Folder 12
    • National Thoracic Surgery Manpower Study, 1972-1975Box 2, Folder 13
    • National Thoracic Surgery Manpower Study, 1973Box 3, Folder 1
    • National Thoracic Surgery Manpower Study, 1974Box 3, Folder 2
    • National Thoracic Surgery Manpower Study, Final Report, 1974Box 3, Folder 3
    • Outpatient Records, 1946-1948Box 3, Folder 4
    • Professional Standards Review Organization, 1973-1976Box 3, Folder 5
    • Research Notes, n.d.Box 3, Folder 6
    • Tri-State Case Conference, 1971Box 3, Folder 7
    • University of Illinois, Faculty Appointment, 1978Box 3, Folder 8
    • University of Missouri-Columbia, 1975Box 3, Folder 9
  • Autologous Blood Transfusion
    • Correspondence and Draft Reports, 1959-1972Box 3, Folder 10
    • Patient Records, 1961-1966Box 3, Folder 11
    • Patient Records, 1961-1967Box 4, Folder 1
  • Publications and Speeches
    • "The Postoperative Chest: Radiographic Considerations After Thoracic Surgery", Corres. and Reviews, 1957-1975Box 4, Folder 2
    • “"The Chest X-Ray Following Thoracic Surgery", Correspondence”, 1956-1972Box 4, Folder 3
    • “"Davis-Christopher Textbook of Surgery", Correspondence and Chapter Reprint”, 1973, 1975, n.d.Box 4, Folder 4
    • Articles and Reprints, 1944-1975Box 4, Folder 5
    • Book Reviews, 1948-1960Box 4, Folder 6
    • Speeches, 1977-1981Box 4, Folder 7
    • Drafts of Published Articles
      • Benign Endobronchial Tumors, 1949Box 4, Folder 8
      • Benign Endobronchial Tumors, 1950Box 4, Folder 9
      • Esophageal Duplications, 1950Box 4, Folder 10
      • The Indication for Posterior Transpleural Bronchotomy in the Management of Intrabronchial Tumors, 1948Box 4, Folder 11
      • Lung Cancer–Future Projection, 1972Box 4, Folder 12
      • Lung Mobilization–Its Indications in the Management of the “Captive” Lung, 1947Box 4, Folder 13
      • Non-neoplastic Tumefaction of Rib–Report of a Case, 1948Box 4, Folder 14
      • The Perivascular Space of the Pulmonary Vessels: An Anatomic Demonstration, 1952Box 4, Folder 15
      • Pleuro-pulmonary Manifestations of Amebiasis, 1947Box 4, Folder 16
      • The Present Status of Pulmonary Decortication, 1948Box 4, Folder 17
      • “Thoracic Surgery in the 12th General Hospital”, 1950Box 4, Folder 18
    • Unpublished Articles and Papers
      • Antipyretic Effect of Sulfathiazole, n.d.Box 4, Folder 19
      • Atelectasis, n.d.Box 4, Folder 20
      • Open Pyopneumothorax, n.d.Box 4, Folder 21
      • Organization in Non-traumatic Hemothorax, n.d.Box 4, Folder 22
      • Present Status of the Surgical Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis, ca. 1941Box 4, Folder 23
      • Surgical Management of the Secondary Pulmonary Lesion, ca. 1951Box 4, Folder 24
  • Addition
      Scope and Contents: This addition comprises one scrapbook of clippings, announcements, flyers, and programs pertaining to the career of Hiram T. Langston between the years 1952 and 1981. Most of the materials included concern professional meetings and Langston's speaking engagements. Items are arranged in a rough chronological order.
    • Scrapbook- Clippings, Announcements, Fliers, Programs, 1952-1981Box 5
  • General Biographical Materials, 1934-1982Box 1, Folder 1
  • Army Papers, 1940-1956Box 1, Folder 2
  • Travel Itineraries, 1978-1981Box 1, Folder 3
  • Appointment Books, 1963-5, 1978-80Box 1, Folder 4
  • American College of Surgeons Case Records, 1939-1941Box 1, Folder 5