Guide to the Cyrus Colter (1910-2002) Papers

Collection Title: Cyrus Colter (1910-2002) Papers
Dates: 1935-1995
Identification: 11/3/1/2
Creator: Colter, Cyrus
Extent: 5 Boxes
Language of Materials: English
Abstract: This series fills five archival boxes and spans the years 1935 to 1995. It consists of biographical material, correspondence, speeches, and publications. The bulk of the collection consists of drafts of Colter's publications, especially his two last novels, A Chocolate Soldier and City of Lights.
Acquisition Information: These papers were donated on November 11, 1997 as Accession #97-200 by Cyrus Colter via Howard M. (Scott) McHugh.
Processing Information: Alex Strauss, February, 1998.
Separated Materials: Four oversized diplomas were separated and placed in the Northwestern University archives map case (see attached list). Some awards have been separated and placed in the Northwestern University Archives artifact collection (see list). Photographs were separated and placed in the Northwestern University photographic files. A small quantity of duplicate materials was discarded.DIPLOMAS AND CERTIFICATESThe following diplomas and certificates have been separated from this series and added to the University Archives' diploma collection:Colter, Cyrus J.; Indiana Common Schools, Certificate of Proficiency; June 18, 1924Colter, Cyrus J.; Haven School, Youngstown, Ohio, Diploma; June 15, 1928Colter, Cyrus James.; Chicago-Kent College of Law, Bachelor of Laws Diploma; February 5, 1940.Colter, Cyrus James; State of Illinois Supreme Court, License to Practice as an Attorney and Counselor at Law; June 13, 1940.=========================ARTIFACTSThe following artifacts have been separated from this series and added to the University Archives' artifacts collectionPlaque:For Members Only (Northwestern University African-American student association):From / F.M.O. / to / Cyrus Colder / Dedication & Service / to Black Students / 1978Medal:The Cliff Dwellers (Chicago):The Cliff Dwellers / Merit Award:Honoring / Cyrus J. Colter / for Distinguished Service / to the Arts in Chicago / in Recognition of His / Creative Achievement / as a Writer / MXCLXX [1970]Plaque:Illinois Commerce Commission:A Tribute to / Cyrus J. Colter / Commissioner / 1950-1973 / Illinois Commerce Commission / For over two decades you have enriched / the lives of the people of Illinois by your / dedication to the highest principles of public / service and trust. // In appreciation therefore, and on behalf / of all the people of Illinois we gratefully / present this tribute. / Marvin S. Lieberman / Chairman // Dan Walker / GovernorPlaque:African-American Alliance:Outstanding Service to the / African-American Community / Cyrus Colter / African-American AllianceTrophy (glass):Illinois Humanities Council:1989 / Illinois Humanities Council / Public Humanities Award / Cyrus ColterPlaque:United States Equal Opportunity Commission:Cyrus Colter / In Grateful Recognition / Of Your / Outstanding Contribution / In The Pursuit Of Excellence / United States / Equal Employment Opportunity Commission / Black History Month / February, 1984Plaque:Chicago Public Library:Living African American / Heritage Award / Presented To / Cyrus Colter / In recognition of your contributions to / African American literature and history during / your multi-faceted career as an attorney, / university professor, and noted author. / Chicago Public Library / African American History Month / February 1996
Conditions Governing Access: None.
Repository: Northwestern University Archives
Deering Library, Room 110
1970 Campus Dr.
Evanston, IL, 60208-2300
URL: http://www.library.northwestern.edu/archives
Email: archives@northwestern.edu
Phone: 847-491-3354

Biographical/Historical Information

The distinguished African-American writer and educator Cyrus Colter was born in Noblesville, Indiana, on January 8, 1910. A recipient of the prestigious University of Iowa School of Letters first prize award for short fiction, Colter published many short stories and poems, as well as six novels, throughout his career. Colter worked for the Illinois Commerce Commission before resigning to take a faculty position at Northwestern in the Department of African-American Studies. He remained at Northwestern until his retirement in 1978. Colter died in 2002.

Colter was one of two children born to James Alexander Colter and Ethel Marietta Basset Colter. His father's various jobs included insurance salesman, actor, musician and regional director of the Central Indiana division of the NAACP, which took the family from Noblesville to Greensboro, Indiana, and later to Youngstown, Ohio. Cyrus Colter graduated from Rayen Academy in Youngstown and pursued his undergraduate degree at Youngstown University (Ohio) and Ohio State. In 1940 he earned a degree from the Chicago-Kent College of Law. On January 1, 1943, he married Imogene Mackay, a teacher, who served as his supporter and critic until her death in 1984.

Colter's early life was marked by his legal and military pursuits. After a brief stint as an agent for the Internal Revenue Agency, Colter served in World War II as a field artillery captain and saw combat in Europe in the Fifth Army under General Mark Clark. In 1946, he returned to civilian life and the practice of law in Chicago. Four years later, Governor Adlai Stevenson appointed him to the Illinois Commerce Commission (ICC), where his twenty-three year tenure was the longest in that agency's history.

In 1960, at the age of fifty, Colter reassessed his life's work and began an accelerated reading program that focused on Russian literature. Colter became more and more impressed with the range of characters depicted by Tolstoy, Dostoevski, and Chekhov, and he recognized the deficiency of African-American literature in this regard. When his wife challenged him to address this problem in fiction, Colter began to write. Colter's first short story, “A Chance Meeting,” was published in 1960 in Threshold, a little magazine out of Belfast, Ireland. Ten years later, a collection of his short stories, The Beach Umbrella (1970), won the prestigious University of Iowa School of Letters first prize award for short fiction (chosen by Kurt Vonnegut). In the years that followed, he published countless short stories and poems, and six novels: The Rivers of Eros (1972), The Hippodrome (1973), Night Studies (1979), A Chocolate Soldier (1988), The Amoralists and Other Tales (1988) and City of Light (1993). Now widely read, his works have been translated into German, Italian, Hungarian, Danish, French, and Japanese.

Colter resigned from the ICC in 1973 in order to accept a professorship of creative writing in Northwestern's Department of African-American Studies, then two years old. A year later Colter was named as the first Chester D. Tripp Professor of the Humanities, a post he held until his retirement in 1978. Colter died on April 17, 2002.

Throughout his lifetime, Colter received countless accolades, including an honorary degree of Doctor of Letters from the University of Illinois (Chicago). One of the highest honors was bestowed in 1990 when Colter's was one of the names engraved on the frieze of the new Illinois State Public Library alongside such Illinois literary figures as Upton Sinclair, Carl Sandburg, Studs Turkel and Gwendolyn Brooks.

Scope and Content

This series fills five archival boxes and spans the years 1935 to 1995. It consists of biographical material, correspondence, speeches, and publications.

The biographical material is comprised primarily of awards and honors bestowed upon Colter during his distinguished career, and clippings concerning Colter and his publications.

The correspondence is divided into two categories: general correspondence, arranged chronologically, and subject correspondence, arranged alphabetically by folder title. The majority, is subject correspondence, between Colter and his two publishers, Ohio University Press and Thunder Mouth Press.

The bulk of the collection consists of drafts of Colter's publications, especially his two last novels, A Chocolate Soldier and City of Lights.

Addition, Box 5

The addition consists of one folder of photocopies from literary journals dating between 1960 and 1987. Most of the items photocopied are short stories by Cyrus Colter as they were originally published; there are also reviews by Colter or of his work, and interviews with Colter. The photocopies are arranged chronologically, and the citation for each is typed on the first page. The addition includes a University of Iowa Press pamphlet containing “A Gift,” a selection from "The Beach Umbrella," the collection of Colter's stories which won the Iowa School of Letters prize in 1970.

Subjects

Personal Name

Colter, Cyrus

Subjects

African American authors--20th century

African American lawyers


Container List / Contents

  • Biographical Materials
    • Personal Data, c. 1935-1995Box 1, Folder 1
    • Address Book/ Appointment, 1961-1989Box 1, Folder 2
    • Degrees, Awards, Honors, 1961-1989Box 1, Folder 3
    • Clippings, 1953-1995Box 1, Folder 4
  • Correspondence
    • Correspondence, General, 1934-1997Box 1, Folder 5
    • National Endowment of Humanities Application, 1980Box 1, Folder 6
    • Swallow Press/ Ohio University Press, 1975-1982Box 1, Folder 7
    • Thunder Mouth Press, 1987-1994Box 1, Folder 8
  • Speeches
    • Dedication to Dr. Daniel J. Boorstin, n.d.Box 1, Folder 9
  • Publications, Poems
    • The Imogene Poems, n.d.Box 1, Folder 10
  • Publications, Short Stories
    • “The March”, draft, 1971Box 2, Folder 1
    • “Technician”, draft, n.d.Box 2, Folder 2
  • Publications, Books
    • Unknown Book, draft, incomplete, n.d.Box 2, Folder 3
    • "Chocolate Soldier," notes, c. 1979Box 2, Folder 4
    • "Chocolate Soldier," early draft, Chapters 1-23, 1982Box 2, Folder 5
    • "Chocolate Soldier," early draft, Chapters 22-44, 1982Box 2, Folder 6
    • "Chocolate Soldier," draft, incomplete, n.d.Box 2, Folder 7
    • "Chocolate Soldier," draft, incomplete, n.d.Box 2, Folder 8
    • "Chocolate Soldier," draft, pgs. 1-175, n.d.Box 2, Folder 9
    • "Chocolate Soldier," draft, pgs. 176-361, n.d.Box 3, Folder 1
    • "Chocolate Soldier," draft, incomplete, 1985Box 3, Folder 2
    • "Chocolate Soldier," draft, incomplete, n.d.Box 3, Folder 3
    • "Chocolate Soldier," draft, incomplete, n.d.Box 3, Folder 4
    • "Chocolate Soldier," galleys, pgs. 1-143, n.d.Box 3, Folder 5
    • "Chocolate Soldier," galleys, pgs. 144-277, n.d.Box 3, Folder 6
    • "Chocolate Soldier," book jacket, n.d.Box 3, Folder 7
    • "Chocolate Soldier," student essay, 1988Box 3, Folder 8
    • "City of Light," handwritten draft, n.d.Box 4, Folder 1
    • "City of Light," draft, c. 1984Box 4, Folder 2
    • "City of Light," draft, 189-317, n.d.Box 4, Folder 3
    • "City of Light," draft, 318-487, n.d.Box 4, Folder 4
    • "City of Light," draft, incomplete, n.d.Box 4, Folder 5
    • "City of Light," excerpt in "Callaloo" magazine, 1991Box 4, Folder 6
    • "Renaissance," proposed book sketch, 1987Box 4, Folder 7
  • Publications, Reviews
    • Reviews written by Colter, 1985-91, n.d.Box 4, Folder 8
    • Reviews of Colter's novels, 1971-1997Box 4, Folder 9
  • Additions
      Scope and Contents: The addition consists of one folder of photocopies from literary journals dating between 1960 and 1987. Most of the items photocopied are short stories by Cyrus Colter as they were originally published; there are also reviews by Colter or of his work, and interviews with Colter. The photocopies are arranged chronologically, and the citation for each is typed on the first page. The addition includes a University of Iowa Press pamphlet containing “A Gift,” a selection from "The Beach Umbrella," the collection of Colter's stories which won the Iowa School of Letters prize in 1970.
    • Photocopied articles, reviews, 1960-1987Box 5, Folder 1