Guide to the Records of The Department of Audiology

Collection Title: Records of The Department of Audiology
Dates: 1950-1988
Bulk Dates: 1965-1979
Identification: 20/65
Creator: Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Department of Audiology
Extent: 23 Boxes
Language of Materials: English
Abstract: The Records of the Department of Audiology fill 23 boxes (including one half box), spanning the years 1950 to 1988, with the bulk of the records dating from the late 1960s to the late 1970s—important and busy years for the Audiology Department. Much of the material relates to research work and studies conducted by Carhart, Elliott, and other Audiology faculty. The records have been organized into four categories: General Audiology Department files, Correspondence, Research, and Graduate Student Files.
Acquisition Information: The Records of the Department of Audiology were transferred to the University Archives as Accession # 95-8 in 1991.
Processing Information: Belinda Summers; July 2003.
Separated Materials: Two and one-half cubic feet of duplicate and extraneous materials were discarded. Three cubic feet of computer punch cards were returned to the Audiology Department.
Conditions Governing Access: Use requires permission of the current Chair of the Audiology Department or of the University Archivist.
Repository: Northwestern University Archives
Deering Library, Room 110
1970 Campus Dr.
Evanston, IL, 60208-2300
URL: http://www.library.northwestern.edu/archives
Email: archives@northwestern.edu
Phone: 847-491-3354

Biographical/Historical Information

Northwestern University’s Department of Audiology, in the School of Communication, had its origins in the Program in Education of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, which had begun in June 1941.  In 1942 a small faculty headed a budding program in speech correction. In 1946 Dr. Raymond Carhart (1912-1975) offered the school’s first course in audiology.

Although Dr. Carhart is sometimes credited with coining the term audiology, it was probably first used in 1939 by Stanley Nowak, a distributor of hearing aids.  Calling it a word of great usefulness, Dr. Carhart noted “the University of Illinois has the distinction of having made the first academic appointment in Audiology, while Northwestern University is the first school to establish and maintain an educational program in Audiology”.

Immediately following the end of World War II, the Speech and Hearing Clinic received an impetus when the Veteran’s Administration appointed Northwestern University as “the first of several agencies in the nation for aiding in the speech rehabilitation of war veterans.”  Among the staff members involved in veteran rehabilitation were Isaac Brackett, Harold Westlake, who joined the faculty in 1944, and Dr. Carhart, who in 1944 had worked with veterans at Deshon Army Hospital in Pennsylvania.

During the academic year of 1945-46, approximately 85 students took courses in hearing as part of their programs. A report on the Program in Education of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing stated that “more than a dozen undergraduate students and as many graduate students specialized in audiology and (emerged) as qualified for professional positions in the field.” By then, eight students were well on their way to earning their PhDs with specialization in hearing, which the department offered as “evidence that Northwestern University is considered a leading center for education of specialists in audiology and hearing.”

In 1947 Dr. Carhart was promoted to professor of audiology with indefinite tenure.  He was named Head of the Audiology Program in 1953 and held that position until his death in 1975.  Dr. Lois Elliott (1931-1995) served as Head of the Program in Audiology and Hearing Sciences from 1976 until her death in 1995.

See also: Raymond Carhart Papers, Series 20/13; Lois Elliott Papers, Series 20/62; and, for additional historical background, Lynn Miller Rein’s Northwestern University School of Speech: a history (Northwestern University, 1981).

Scope and Content

The Records of the Department of Audiology fill 23 boxes (including one half box), spanning the years 1950 to 1988, with the bulk of the records dating from the late 1960s to the late 1970s—important and busy years for the Audiology Department. Much of the material relates to research work and studies conducted by Carhart, Elliott, and other Audiology faculty. The records have been organized into four categories: General Audiology Department files, Correspondence, Research, and Graduate Student Files.

General Audiology Department materials include fliers describing the Program, as well as faculty vitae, directories (1969-1978), publications lists (1969-1976) and handwritten notes from staff research meetings from 1975. Other materials include those relating to accreditation by the Education Training Board (1975-77) and to a proposed new Audiology building (1967).

The Correspondence files are in chronological order and primarily document communications between Northwestern University's Audiology & Hearing Impairment Department and professional organizations affiliated with hearing impairment. These files include correspondence to and from the Acoustical Society of America, the American Institute of Physics, American Speech and Hearing Association, Outpatient Research Center for Sensorineural Deafness (ORCSND), Professional Services Board and the Rehabilitation Services Association. There is a general correspondence file dating from 1950 to 1981 in which communications and inquiries take place between Dr. Carhart and Northwestern University Audiology Department and numerous medical research establishments, other universities' hearing impairment departments, commercial institutions and other communicative disorder institutions. The remaining two files in this category are correspondence to and from Sandra Hayward, and Travel Authorizations. Sandra Hayward was the Coordinator of the Student Teaching Education of the Hearing Impaired for Northwestern University from 1973 to 1975. Much of the correspondence, as well as materials relating to the various experiments, involves Lois Elliott, the then Head of the Audiology Department.

The Research category largely contains extensive research experiments and studies that the Department conducted during the years 1950-1975. Records of each study include related raw data and results, grant proposals, grant applications, records of paid study subjects. These (54) folders have been filed in alphabetical order by the title of the experiment or study. Materials within the folders are arranged chronologically.

The Graduate Student files category spans the years 1962-1981 and fills 34 folders of which the last 17 are student records. The first folder is graduate scholarship and fellowship information for the years 1978-1981. Following this is a Rehabilitation Service Association teaching grant proposal (1977) and paper work on faculty involved in the RSA. Summaries of awards for grants given to the Audiology Department are in the following folder. Two folders of undated questionnaires are next, filled by supervisors, employees and graduate students. Graduate applications accepted and rejected between 1974 and 1975 are in the following two files; then, examples of Masters comprehensive exams from 1962-1975. The next folder contains Northwestern University Audiology Department course descriptions. The next three files contain post doctorate inquiries. The following file contains questionnaires. The post doctorate inquiries are filed chronologically and the questionnaires span the years 1976-1977. The following folder labeled 'Student Papers' contains one student paper undated and unnamed with written comments by Dr. Carhart. The before-mentioned seventeen files of student records finish this category.

Subjects

Corporate Name

Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Department of Audiology

Subjects

Audiology--Study and teaching--Illinois--Evanston


Container List / Contents

  • Audiology Department
    • Audiology Department Fliers, n.d.Box 1, Folder 1
    • Audiology Department Faculty Vitae, B-WBox 1, Folder 2
    • Audiology Department Library info. & General Bibliography, 1935-1962Box 1, Folder 3
    • Audiology Department Directories, 1969-1978Box 1, Folder 4
    • Faculty Publications List, 1969-1976Box 1, Folder 5
    • Education Training Board (ETB) Accreditation., 1975-1977Box 1, Folder 6
    • New Building Construction Proposal, 10/01/67Box 1, Folder 7
    • Staff Research Meeting notes, 6/75-9/75Box 1, Folder 8
  • Correspondence
    • Acoustical Society of America (also AIP), 1978-1981Box 1, Folder 9
    • American Speech & Hearing Association, 11/74 - 8/77Box 2, Folder 1
    • General Correspondence, 12/50 - 9/81Box 2, Folder 2
    • Outpatient Research Center for Sensorineural Deafness (ORSCND), 3/68 - 10/75Box 2, Folder 3
    • Professional Service Board, 10/76 - 6/77Box 2, Folder 4
    • Rehabilitation Service Administration Applications, 4/75 - 9/76Box 2, Folder 5
    • Sandra Hayward (Teaching Coordinator), 10/73 - 10/75Box 3, Folder 1
  • Research
    • Adult Consent Forms, 9/51-4/76Box 3, Folder 2
    • Air and Bone Conduction, n.d.Box 3, Folder 3
    • Artificial Ear Direct Voltage Measurements Worksheets, 10/64 – 8/65Box 3, Folder 4
    • Air force Validation Tool, 3/67 – 4/68Box 3, Folder 5
    • Audiological Data, 6/74 – 4/76Box 3, Folder 6
    • Beaudry Device Study, 1/72 – 8/73Box 3, Folder 7
    • Camp III Study, 3/69 – 9/71Box 4, Folder 1
    • Central Auditory Message Permeations, 1969-1972Box 4, Folder 2
    • Central Masking Normals, n.d.Box 4, Folder 3
    • Central Masking Study, 3/72 – 9/72Box 4, Folder 4
    • Computer Notebook, n.d.Box 4, Folder 5
    • Critical Ratio Spectrum Analysis, 4/71 – 6/71Box 4, Folder 6
    • Ear Frequency Responses, 9/72 – 8/73Box 5, Folder 1
    • Examples of Raw Data Materials, 7/69 – 8/75Box 5, Folder 2
    • FCS-5 Raw Data, 6/1976Box 5, Folder 3
    • Gasbag Power Level Recordings, 6/66 – 9/66Box 5, Folder 4
    • Generality of Perceptual Masking (GPM), 5/75 – 8/75Box 6, Folder 1
    • GPM 1 Experiment – Raw Data, 4/75 – 8/75Box 6, Folder 2
    • GPM 1 Logic Diagram, n.d.Box 6, Folder 3
    • Homophasic, Anaphasic and Delay Effects Study (H.A.D.E.S), 6/67 – 10/67Box 6, Folder 4
    • Homophasic, Anaphasic Modulated Masking Study (HAMMS), 6/65 – 9/65Box 6, Folder 5
    • Hearing Loss in dß (decibels), 6/1967Box 6, Folder 6
    • Hearing Loss in dß, 6/67 – 6/74Box 7, Folder 1
    • Masking Study, 11/65-12/68Box 7, Folder 2
    • Multiple Interaural Delay Study (M.I.D.S.), 1/1967Box 8, Folder 1
    • Northwestern University Test 4Calibration Data, 4/62-1/64Box 8, Folder 2
    • N.U. Test 4 Unfiltered Pathological Group, 1964Box 8, Folder 3
    • N.U. Test 6F Statistical Normals Analysis, 1964Box 8, Folder 4
    • N.U. Test 6M Normals and Statistical Analysis, n.dBox 8, Folder 5
    • N.U. Test 6 Recorded Tape Monitoring Book 1, n.d.Box 8, Folder 6
    • N.U. Test 6 Recorded Tape Monitoring Book 2, n.d.Box 8, Folder 7
    • N.U. Test 6F & 6M Sensorineurals Statistics & Computer data, 1965Box 8, Folder 8
    • Outpatient Research Center for Sensorineural Deafness Manual, 6/70-11/73Box 8, Folder 9
    • O.R.C.S.N.D. Grant Applications, 11/67-8/71Box 9, Folder 1
    • O.R.C.S.N.D. Grant Applications, 4/70-8/76Box 9, Folder 2
    • O.R.C.S.N.D. “Phase 1”, 2/73-5/74Box 9, Folder 3
    • O.R.C.S.N.D. write up of results, 1/76-2/76Box 10, Folder 1
    • O.R.C.S.N.D. on-line print outs, 2/73-4/74Box 10, Folder 2
    • Perception of Speech 'Fuss' Study, 10/72-6/73Box 10, Folder 3
    • Perceptual Masking Study, 8/67-8/68Box 11, Folder 1
    • Perceptual Masking Study, 3/69-12/70Box 11, Folder 2
    • Perceptual Masking Study, 12/68-2/74Box 11, Folder 3
    • PM III Sensorineural: Moderates Data, 1970Box 12, Folder 1
    • Peripheral Masking Study, n.d.Box 12, Folder 2
    • Peripheral Masking Study Phase 1, n.d.Box 13, Folder 1
    • Preoperative and Postoperative Diagnosis, 1/68-3/70Box 13, Folder 2
    • Summaries of Peripheral Masking Studies, n.d.Box 13, Folder 3
    • Pseudodichotic Studies, n.d.Box 13, Folder 4
    • Punch Keycard Manual, n.d.Box 14, Folder 1
    • Speech Masker Analogies, 3/72-5/72Box 14, Folder 2
    • Speech Modulated and Filtered Noise Study 1, 4/71-3/73Box 14, Folder 3
    • Speech Modulated and Filtered Noise Study 2+3, 6/73-8/74Box 14, Folder 4
    • Spectral Analysis of Maskers, 12/74-4/75Box 15, Folder 1
    • USAF Transcriptions of in-flight Tapes, n.d.Box 15, Folder 2
  • Graduate Student Files
    • Graduate Fellowships and Scholarships, 1978-1981Box 15, Folder 3
    • RSA Proposal, 1977-1988Box 15, Folder 4
    • Summary of awards for Grants, 9/80-2/84Box 15, Folder 5
    • Supervisor/Employee Questionnaires, n.dBox 15, Folder 6
    • Graduate Questionnaires, 1979-1980Box 15, Folder 7
    • Graduate Applications Accepted, 12/74-9/75Box 16, Folder 1
    • Masters Comprehensive Exams, 1962-1975Box 16, Folder 2
    • N.U. Audiology Dept. Course Descriptions, n.d.Box 16, Folder 3
    • Post Doctorate Inquiries, A-KBox 16, Folder 4
    • Post Doctorate Inquiries, L-MBox 16, Folder 5
    • Post Doctorate Inquiries, O-YBox 17, Folder 1
    • Post Doctorate Questionnaires, 1976/77Box 17, Folder 2
    • Student Papers, n.d.Box 17, Folder 3
    • Student Records, ABox 17, Folder 4
    • Student Records, BBox 18, Folder 1
    • Student Records, CBox 18, Folder 2
    • Student Records, CBox 19, Folder 1
    • Student Records, DBox 19, Folder 2
    • Student Records, EBox 19, Folder 3
    • Student Records, FBox 20, Folder 1
    • Student Records, GBox 20, Folder 2
    • Student Records, HBox 20, Folder 3
    • Student Records, HBox 21, Folder 1
    • Student Records, JBox 21, Folder 2
    • Student Records, KBox 21, Folder 3
    • Student Records, LBox 21, Folder 4
    • Student Records, LBox 22, Folder 1
    • Student Records, MBox 22, Folder 2
    • Student Records, MBox 22, Folder 3
    • Student Records, NBox 22, Folder 4
    • Student Records, R-VBox 22, Folder 5
    • Student Records, W-ZBox 23, Folder 1