Guide to the Franklin M. Kreml (1907-1998) Papers

Collection Title: Franklin M. Kreml (1907-1998) Papers
Dates: 1928-1998
Identification: 6/4/04
Creator: Kreml, Franklin M. (Franklin Martin), 1907-1998
Extent: 13 Boxes
Language of Materials: English
Abstract: Franklin Martin Kreml, national expert on traffic safety, accident prevention and law enforcement, was the founding Director of the Northwestern University Traffic Institute and a University administrator for over 35 years. The Franklin M. Kreml papers consist of 13 boxes spanning the years 1906-1998. There are five subseries: biographical; Vice President of Planning and Development; correspondence; publications; and awards, certificates and plaques. The bulk of the papers consist of correspondence and records from Kreml's tenure as Northwestern University Vice President of Planning and Development.
Acquisition Information: These papers incorporate the following accession numbers: 74-22, 79-27, and 93-194, transferred from the Northwestern Biographical File; 98-142, donated by Barbara Kreml on August 6, 1998; and 99-17, donated by Barbara Kreml on February 11, 1999.
Processing Information: Peter Gunther; April 2, 2001.
Separated Materials: Approximately two and one half inches of duplicate or extraneous material was discarded. Two folders of material not related to Kreml were added to the Roscoe Miller papers. Two folders were transferred to the NUTI general files.
Conditions Governing Access: None.
Repository: Northwestern University Archives
Deering Library, Room 110
1970 Campus Dr.
Evanston, IL, 60208-2300
URL: http://www.library.northwestern.edu/archives
Email: archives@northwestern.edu
Phone: 847-491-3354

Biographical/Historical Information

Franklin Martin Kreml, national expert on traffic safety, accident prevention and law enforcement, was the founding Director of the Northwestern University Traffic Institute and a University administrator for over 35 years.

Kreml was born January 11, 1907 in Chicago, Illinois. His father was a politician and self-employed meat packer. Kreml grew up on the near West Side of Chicago, graduating from Carter Harrison High School. He attended the University of Wisconsin from 1923 to1924 majoring in geology. He then transferred to Northwestern and majored in English from 1924 to1929. To support himself he entered the Evanston Police Department as a rookie patrolman in 1926, having achieved the highest score to that date on the entrance exam. Kreml went on to attend John Marshall Law School at night, where he earned his LLB in 1932. That same year he was appointed Division Commander of the newly created Evanston Police Department Accident Prevention Bureau, where he pioneered practices of accident investigation and reporting. His prevention program based on a police and public partnership was so successful that Evanston reduced its automobile death rate per 100,000 from 27 in 1928 to 7 in 1933. Evanston won the National Safety Council's safety award for four of those five years, and the grand prize in 1933.

To improve the training of Evanston police officers in traffic safety and investigation, Kreml enlisted the help of Northwestern University's Sociology and Political Science departments. Evanston Police Department then began holding annual two-week Police Officer's Traffic Safety training. Soon, national insurance companies and the National Bureau of Underwriters became interested in Evanston's safety program, sending Kreml to various U. S. cities to set up similar ones. This work coalesced into the Northwestern University Traffic Institute (NUTI), which opened in 1936 with Kreml as head. (Kreml had served the year before as Public Safety specialist at Purdue University). The NUTI ran training and research programs for individuals with highway traffic and safety responsibilities. That same year Kreml also became Head of the Traffic Division of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP). He served as the president of both organizations until 1955.

Kreml's leadership of the Traffic Institute was interrupted when he volunteered for service in World War II. In 1942 he entered as a captain in the Army serving as Chief of Roads Branch of the Office of Chief of Transportation. He held vital transportation posts in North Africa, Sicily, Italy and during the Normandy Invasion, applying concepts of traffic and movement control to Army logistics operations. He retired from the Army Reserve in 1967 with the rank of Brigadier General. His military decorations include the Bronze Star, Legion of Merit, and honors from Britain and Italy.

In 1955 Kreml left the Traffic Institute to become head of the new Transportation Center of Northwestern University. The Center offers structured graduate level educational programs and conducts research on transportation problems. In 1962 Kreml was appointed to the newly created post of Vice President for Planning and Development for Northwestern. During his term, Kreml oversaw the Lake Michigan landfill (“lakefill”) project, which had a fundraising goal of $185 million and doubled the size of the Evanston campus.

Kreml was notable for his responsible and diplomatic handling of the student protests of the late 1960s, particularly the occupation of the Northwestern business offices by African American students May 3-4, 1968. Kreml worked around the clock, choosing to negotiate with the protesters rather than foment a potentially explosive situation. No violence erupted at Northwestern, in contrast to strikes on other campuses, such as Columbia, where the school shut down as a result of a heavy-handed response from administration. Kreml also handled the aftermath of the protests, responding to a flood of letters from faculty, alumni and the general population regarding the incident.

In 1969 Kreml was appointed chairman of President Nixon's Task Force on Highway Safety, which produced the landmark report Mobility without Mayhem.

Kreml left Northwestern in 1971 to become President of the Automobile Manufacturers Association and the Motor Vehicle Manufacturing Association. When his four-year term was up, he returned to Northwestern as Associate Director of the Transportation Center and consultant to the Traffic Institute.

Kreml retired from Northwestern in 1981 when he was designated President of the Consortium of Government Consultants, Inc., an organization of individuals gathered from government, business, and academia to provide public officers with problem solving services.

Author of numerous manuals and textbooks, among them Evidence Handbook for Police Officers and Investigators, Kreml served with distinction on many committees and boards and received numerous awards and certificates.

Kreml married Margaret Charlotte Parker in 1927 (d. 1995), and they were divorced in 1979. He then married Barbara Irene Bloom in 1980. Kreml died January 28, 1998.

Scope and Content

The Franklin M. Kreml papers consist of 13 boxes spanning the years 1906-1998. There are five subseries: biographical; Vice President of Planning and Development; correspondence; publications; and awards, certificates and plaques. The bulk of the papers consist of correspondence and records from Kreml's tenure as Northwestern University Vice President of Planning and Development.

Clippings in the biographical files are arranged chronologically. [See the Northwestern Biographical File for Kreml's curriculum vitae.] Box 1 folder 2 is comprised of clippings of Kreml's traffic safety activities and awards as an Evanston Police officer and as head of the Traffic Institute, and Box 1 folder 4 pertains to Kreml's work at Northwestern as head of the Traffic Institute and as Vice President.

Most of the folders in the Vice President of Planning and Development subseries are arranged chronologically. Box 1 folder 10 concerns the Land Trade. As part of the lakefill project, Northwestern University deeded some land to the City of Evanston in exchange for the creation of several acres of landfill. Box 2 folder 1 contains memos, correspondence and public relations material concerning a controversy over the lakefill project. Conservationists were concerned that sand removed for the lakefill from the Indiana Dunes might harm the Dunes. As Northwestern Vice President, Kreml oversaw Northwestern's salute to Evanston in celebration of its 100th anniversary, which entailed gaining corporate sponsorship for the events (Box 2 folder 2). Box 2 folder 3 contains reports, correspondence and programs for Space Age Month, April-May 1963 highlighted by Northwestern's participation in the Third National Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Space. Kreml was in charge of student rules for campus behavior during the 1960s. This period saw movement toward relaxation of rules forbidding student liquor and visiting in dorm rooms by the opposite sex. These issues related to college living or its regulation, known as parietals, generated memos and correspondence from the Northwestern community to which Kreml responded (box 2 folders 4 and 5). Kreml was also involved in the “First Plan for the Seventies,” a $180 million fundraising drive to expand Northwestern's facilities and teaching in science, engineering and medicine (Box 2 folder 6).

The campus protests portion of the subseries consists mainly of correspondence from faculty, alumni and the general public, clippings, memos and internal University reports relating to campus unrest, most notably an incident on May 3-4, 1968. The correspondence provides a cross-section view of public attitudes toward campus protest and the student black power movement. These correspondence files (Box 2 folders 11-12, Box 3, and Box 4 folder 1) are designated “pro” or “con” based on whether they are in agreement with the University's handling of the incident. It is also indicated whether or not the correspondence within these folders is in alphabetical or in semi-alphabetical order and if they are indexed by the cards in boxes 12 and 13. This portion also contains correspondence and memos regarding a previous anti-war demonstration at Northwestern on May 4 1967 (Box 2 folder 7) and clippings covering a protest during which 40 students were arrested for disrupting ROTC classes in 1970 (Box 4 folder 3).

Correspondence is arranged chronologically and is comprised mostly of Kreml's correspondence as director of Northwestern's Traffic Institute. The General Correspondence folder contains mainly letters of congratulation and thanks for his service with the President's Task Force on Highway Safety and later appointments after leaving Northwestern (box 4, folder 9). Kreml's military correspondence is mostly biographical material for his retirement and the retirement of his brigade (box 4 folder 8).

The publications subseries contains articles, speeches (including an oral history), and manuscripts of traffic manuals (including a preliminary inventory in Box 5 folder 1). Franklin M. Kreml: A Man and an Industry, a four volume bound set of his work (speeches, statements, press coverage, international programs) was presented to Kreml upon the completion of his term as President of the Automobile Manufacturers Association. The publications of organizations headed by Kreml files consist of works that mention Kreml as leader of the group authoring the reports, but do not specifically name Kreml as an author.

The awards, certificate and plaques subseries is comprised of two folders of awards and certificates (Box 9 folder 1 and Box 10 folder 1), and ten plaques, most of them recognizing for his work in the field of traffic safety.

Boxes 12 and 13 contain color-coded file cards, which index some of the correspondence in the Vice President of Planning and Development subseries (Box 2 folders 11-12 and Box 3 folders 1-3). Keys to the tabs and coding are included in each box.

Subjects

Corporate Name

Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Traffic Institute

Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Transportation Center

Personal Name

Kreml, Franklin M. (Franklin Martin), 1907-1998

Subjects

Traffic police--Training of--Illinois--Evanston

Traffic safety--Study and teaching


Container List / Contents

  • Biographical
    • Biographical Material, 1937-1998Box 1, Folder 1
    • Clippings, 1930-1941Box 1, Folder 2
    • Clippings—Military, 1942-1998Box 1, Folder 3
    • Clippings, 1946-1971Box 1, Folder 4
    • Clippings, 1972-1988Box 1, Folder 5
    • Obituaries, 1998Box 1, Folder 6
    • Conference Programs, 1936-1969Box 1, Folder 7
  • Vice President of Planning and Development
    • Clippings, 1962-1971Box 1, Folder 8
    • Correspondence, 1962-1971Box 1, Folder 9
    • Land Trade, 1959-1963Box 1, Folder 10
    • Dunes, 1962-1963Box 2, Folder 1
    • Evanston Centennial, 1963Box 2, Folder 2
    • “Space Age Month”, 1963Box 2, Folder 3
    • Parietal Drinking, 1966-1967Box 2, Folder 4
    • Parietal Hours, 1967Box 2, Folder 5
    • “First Plan for the Seventies”, 1972Box 2, Folder 6
    • Campus Protest
      • Correspondence: Demonstrations May 4 1967, 1967Box 2, Folder 7
      • Report, Agreement with Protesters and Memoir, 1968-1988Box 2, Folder 8
      • University Memos and Reports: Incident May 3-4, 1968, 1968Box 2, Folder 9
      • Clippings: Incident May 3-4, 1968, 1968Box 2, Folder 10
      • Correspondence: Incident May 3-4, 1968 (Pro, Alpha, Indexed), 1968Box 2, Folder 11
      • Correspondence: Incident May 3-4, 1968 (Pro/Con, Semi-Alpha, Indexed), 1968Box 2, Folder 12
      • Correspondence: Incident May 3-4, 1968 (Pro, Semi-Alpha, Indexed), 1968Box 3, Folder 1
      • Correspondence: Incident May 3-4, 1968 (Pro, Semi-Alpha, Indexed), 1968Box 3, Folder 2
      • Correspondence: Incident May 3-4, 1968 (Pro/Con, Indexed), 1968Box 3, Folder 3
      • Correspondence: Incident May 3-4, 1968 (Con), 1968Box 3, Folder 4
      • Correspondence: Incident May 3-4, 1968 (Con, Mostly Anonymous), 1968Box 3, Folder 5
      • Correspondence: Incident May 3-4, 1968 (Con, Obscene/Anonymous), 1968Box 3, Folder 6
      • Correspondence: Incident May 3-4, 1968 (Pro/Con, Faculty), 1968Box 3, Folder 7
      • Correspondence: Incident May 3-4, 1968 (Pro, Pro/Con, Faculty), 1968Box 4, Folder 1
      • Complaint Correspondence: Incident May 3-4, 1968 to Dean Wilder, 1968Box 4, Folder 2
      • Correspondence: Student Strike, 1970Box 4, Folder 3
  • Correspondence
    • Correspondence: NUTI, 1928-1942Box 4, Folder 4
    • Correspondence: NUTI, 1946-1972Box 4, Folder 5
    • Correspondence: Resignation Director Traffic Division IACP, 1957Box 4, Folder 6
    • Correspondence General, 1971-1993Box 4, Folder 7
    • Correspondence: Military, 1942-1994Box 4, Folder 8
  • Publications
    • Articles by Kreml, 1948-1964Box 4, Folder 9
    • Speeches, 1938-1970Box 4, Folder 10
    • Secondary Sources regarding publications, n.d.Box 4, Folder 11
    • Inventory for Boxes 5-6, n.d.Box 5, Folder 1
    • Manuscript: Laws of Evidence, n.d.Box 5, Folder 2
    • Manuscript: Rules of Evidence pp. 1-104, n.d.Box 5, Folder 3
    • Manuscript: Rules of Evidence pp. 105-187Box 5, Folder 4
    • Manuscript: Character Evidence, n.d.Box 5, Folder 5
    • Manuscript: Police Traffic Training Course I, n.d.Box 5, Folder 6
    • Manuscript: Police Traffic Training Course II, n.d.Box 5, Folder 7
    • B. R. Caldwell Correspondence, 1952Box 5, Folder 8
    • Monroe Memo regarding Evidence Handbook for Police Officers and Investigators, 1941Box 6, Folder 1
    • Manuscript: Evidence Handbook for Police Officers and Investigators Chapters I-V, n.d.Box 6, Folder 2
    • Manuscript: Evidence Handbook for Police Officers and Investigators Chapters VI-XII, n.d.Box 6, Folder 3
    • Manuscript: Fellowship Papers on Record Systems and Their Planning I, n.d.Box 6, Folder 4
    • Manuscript: Fellowship Papers on Record Systems and Their Planning II, n.d.Box 6, Folder 5
    • Manuscript: Fellowship Papers on Record Systems and Their Planning III, n.d.Box 6, Folder 6
    • Franklin M. Kreml A Man and an Industry v. I: Speeches, 1974Box 7, Folder 1
    • Franklin M. Kreml A Man and an Industry v. II: Statements and Testimony, 1974Box 7, Folder 2
    • Franklin M. Kreml A Man and an Industry v. III: Press Coverage, 1974Box 7, Folder 3
    • Franklin M. Kreml A Man and an Industry v. VIII: International Programs & Publications of Organizations Headed by Kreml, 1974Box 8, Folder 1
    • Chicago Police Report of Progress 1960-1964, 1964Box 8, Folder 2
    • National Traffic Safety Program A Survey and Appraisal, n.d.Box 8, Folder 3
    • Consultants' Report to the Presidential Task Force on Highway Safety, 1969Box 8, Folder 4
    • Addendum to the Consultants' Report to the Presidential Task Force on Highway Safety, 1969Box 8, Folder 5
    • Urban Transportation Fact Book Part I, 1974Box 8, Folder 6
    • Urban Transportation Fact Book Part II, n.d.Box 8, Folder 7
  • Awards, Certificates, and Plaques
    • Awards and Certificates, 1937-1990Box 9, Folder 1
    • Plaque: Ohio State Highway Patrol, 1972Box 9, Folder 2
    • Plaque: Evanston Police, n.d.Box 9, Folder 3
    • Plaque: Honorary Citizen, Dirigo, Maine, n.d.Box 9, Folder 4
    • Oversize Certificates and Awards, 1948-1990Box 10, Folder 1
    • Plaque: Marquis Who's Who 50 Consecutive Years, 1937-1957Box 10, Folder 2
    • Plaque: National Safety Council Citation for Distinguished Service to Safety, 1972Box 10, Folder 3
    • Plaque: Greater Los Angeles National Safety Council Certificate of Appreciation, 1970Box 10, Folder 4
    • Plaque: MEMA for Automobile Industry Annual Report, 1973Box 11, Folder 1
    • Plaque: Federation of Insurance Counsel, 1964Box 11, Folder 2
    • Plaque: National Conference of Governor's Highway Safety Representatives, 1974Box 11, Folder 3
    • Plaque: NUTI, 1935-1955Box 11, Folder 4
  • Index