Guide to the Avrom M. Landy Collection

Collection Title: Avrom M. Landy Collection
Dates: 1938-1954
Identification: MS106
Creator: Landy, Avrom M.
Charles Deering McCormick Library of Special Collections
Landy, Goldie Hanon
Language of Materials: English
Abstract: Avrom M. Landy (1904 - ) was raised in Cleveland, Ohio. He earned a B.A. from Ohio State University and an M.A. from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He went on to work for a Ph.D. in history at Madison, and had completed all the requirements except the dissertation when he broke off his studies to go to New York to accept a position at the Daily Worker. He was city editor for the Daily Worker for about two years in the early 1930s, and later became educational director of the Communist Party of America, a position he held until 1945. He was co-publisher of International Publishers from 1945 until about 1947, when he left the Communist Party.  In the late 1940s, Landy completed a manuscript for a book titled, "The United States and the Paris Commune of 1871." The book was never published because at the time he completed the book, Landy left International Publishers and the Communist Party, and he did not submit the work to other publishers. The complete typescript and reference notes were donated to N.U.L. in 1995 by his daughter, Sonia Landy Sheridan who married former N.U. history professor James Sheridan.
Acquisition Information: All materials in the Avrom M. Landy Collection were donated to the McCormick Library of Special Collections in 1995 by his daughter, Sonia Landy Sheridan, wife of former Northwestern University history professor James Sheridan.
Processing Information: Sigrid Pohl Perry, September 1995; revised October 2001
Conditions Governing Use: There are no restrictions on use of the materials in the department for research; all patrons must comply with federal copyright regulations.
Repository: Charles Deering McCormick Library of Special Collections
Deering Library, Level 3
1970 Campus Drive
Evanston, IL,
URL: http://www.library.northwestern.edu/spec
Email: special.collections@northwestern.edu
Phone: 847-491-3635

Biographical/Historical Information

Avrom M. Landy (1904 - ) was raised in Cleveland, Ohio. He earned a B.A. from Ohio State University and an M.A. from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He went on to work for a Ph.D. in history at Madison, and had completed all the requirements except the dissertation when he broke off his studies to go to New York to accept a position at the Daily Worker. He was city editor for the Daily Worker for about two years in the early 1930s, and later became educational director of the Communist Party of America, a position he held until 1945. He was co-publisher of International Publishers from 1945 until about 1947, when he left the Communist Party.

Landy was an influential Marxist thinker during the 1930s and 1940s, especially through his educational and editorial work, and also through his articles in various leftist journals. He published one book, Marxism and the Democratic Tradition (New York: International Publishers, 1946), and one pamphlet, Marxism and the Woman Question (New York: Worker's Library, 1943).

Scope and Content

In the late 1940s, Landy completed a manuscript for a book titled, "The United States and the Paris Commune of 1871." The book was never published because at the time he completed the book, Landy left International Publishers and the Communist Party, and he did not submit the work to other publishers. The complete typescript and reference notes were donated to N.U.L. in 1995 by his daughter, Sonia Landy Sheridan who married former N.U. history professor James Sheridan.


Container List / Contents

  • The United States and the Paris Commune of 1871
    • Reference pp. 1 – 116Box 1, Folder 6
  • The United States and the Paris Commune of 1871
    • Draft; prefatory materialBox 2, Folder 1
    • Line of development; notesBox 2, Folder 2
    • Draft, pp. 1 – 140Box 2, Folder 3
    • Draft, pp. 141 – 294Box 2, Folder 4
    • pp. 368 – 449; aftermath; notesBox 2, Folder 5
    • The U.S. and the Paris Commune, correspondence, 1948-1951Box 2, Folder 6
    • A. Landy, “La Commune et la classe ouvriere aux Etats-Unis,” La Pensee, Sommaire, no. 37, Juillet-Aout, 1951Box 2, Folder 7
  • The U.S. and the Babeuf Conspiracy of 1796 – 1797
    • Table of contents; draft with notes; ch. 1 – 3; sourcesBox 3, Folder 1
    • Ch. 2; draft and sources: The French RevolutionBox 3, Folder 2
    • Ch. 4: Significance of This Reaction (Egalitarianism in the U.S. and France; Why No Communist Party Here); outline, notes, draft, sourcesBox 3, Folder 3
    • Sources and draft, ch. 4: The Roots of Egalitarianism The Character of the Democratic Movement HereBox 3, Folder 4
    • Ch. 4: Democratic Societies The Democratic Struggle vs. Counter Revolution in the U.S. and Relations to the French SituationBox 3, Folder 5
    • Ch. 5: Two Traditions – Critical Evaluation of Allen Foner Thesis; notes, draftBox 3, Folder 6
    • – 10 Babeuf Conspiracy sourcesBox 3, Folder 7
    • Miscellaneous notes. Landy publicationsBox 3, Folder 11
    • Landy. General list of books, articles, studiesBox 3, Folder 12
  • Marxism and the Democratic Tradition
    • Marxism and the Democratic Tradition, ch. 2, sect. 1, 1770-1820Box 4, Folder 1
    • Marxism and the Democratic Tradition, ch. 2, sect. 2, Cultural RelationsBox 4, Folder 2
    • Marxism and the Democratic Tradition, ch. 2, sect. 2, Misc. pagesBox 4, Folder 3
    • Marxism and the Democratic Tradition, ch. 2, sect. 3, Emigration; sect. 4, Diplomatic relationsBox 4, Folder 4
    • Marxism and the Democratic Tradition, ch. 3 Revolution Development of the Democratic Movement, July 1830, 1830-1845Box 4, Folder 5
    • Marxism and the Democratic Tradition, ch. 3, Republican Agitation, 1830-1832Box 4, Folder 6
    • Marxism and the Democratic Tradition, ch. 3, Emergence of New Concept Rise of New Concept of Democracy and New PartyBox 4, Folder 7
    • Marxism and the Democratic Tradition: reviews, queries, facts on the bookBox 4, Folder 8
    • Responses to reviews; response to “M-F's thesis”Box 4, Folder 9
    • Joshua Strauss's review of Marxism and the Democratic Tradition (3 cop.)Box 4, Folder 10
    • George Ziskind's review (4 cop.)Box 4, Folder 11
    • Correspondence: A Reply to George Ziskind's Review of Marxism and the Democratic TraditionBox 4, Folder 12
    • Correspondence: Reply to Ziskind's review; letter to Secretariate, 12/5/1946Box 4, Folder 13
    • Notes on Ziskind materialBox 4, Folder 14
  • Reviews and replies re: Marxism and the Democratic Tradition
    • Reply to Betty Gannett's review; ch. 1 – 3, pp. 1 – 75Box 5, Folder 1
    • Reply to Betty Gannett, copy, pp. 1 – 79Box 5, Folder 2
    • Reply to Betty Gannett's Critique of Marxism and the Democratic Tradition draft, 1952Box 5, Folder 3
    • Reply to Betty Gannett, draftBox 5, Folder 4
    • Reply to Betty Gannett, notesBox 5, Folder 5
    • Reply to Betty Gannett, ch. 3, sect. 1 – 2, raw materialBox 5, Folder 6
    • Reply to Betty Gannett, ch. 4 materialBox 5, Folder 7
    • Reply to Betty Gannett, ch. 5 materialBox 5, Folder 8
    • Reply to Betty Gannett, ch. 6 material, including “On Democracy”Box 5, Folder 9
    • Miscellaneous notes and draft (for reply to Gannett?)Box 5, Folder 10
    • Two Views of Race and Culture (typescript carbon by A.L.?)Box 5, Folder 11
    • A. Landy, publications and correspondence, business and personalBox 5, Folder 12
    • A. Landy, correspondence, familyBox 5, Folder 13
  • Avrom Landy, article and lecture drafts
    • Landy bibliography, biographyBox 6, Folder 1
    • Marxism and TacticsBox 6, Folder 2
    • Marxism and TacticsBox 6, Folder 3
    • Notes, outlines on “Imperialism”Box 6, Folder 4
    • Our Tactics in the Light of the 7th Congress Statement to the Press by the National Committee of the Communist Party, New York City, 1/9/1944Box 6, Folder 5
    • Historic Materialistic Interpretation of ArtBox 6, Folder 6
    • Proletarian Literature in FranceBox 6, Folder 7
    • Statistical Analysis of American ProductionBox 6, Folder 8
    • Preamble (United States Communist Party); includes printed pamphletsBox 6, Folder 9
    • Economic DynamicsBox 6, Folder 10
    • Imperialism, U.S.Box 6, Folder 11
    • Miscellaneous sourcesBox 6, Folder 12
    • U.S. vs. Soviet UnionBox 6, Folder 13
    • “A.T. file” (re: Alexander Trachtenberg? Democracy and Marxism)Box 6, Folder 14
    • Neglect and Irresponsibility (A.T. Trachtenberg?); correspondenceBox 6, Folder 15
  • Avrom Landy, article and lecture drafts
    • The Social Reformists Evaluate MarxBox 7, Folder 1
    • U.S. and the Materialistic Conception of HistoryBox 7, Folder 2
    • Jefferson and NapoleonBox 7, Folder 3
    • Medina and DocumentsBox 7, Folder 4
    • The Material Base of Political FreedomBox 7, Folder 5
    • Lecture, New York City, 1/27/1944Box 7, Folder 6
    • Imperialism and Capitalism, sourcesBox 7, Folder 7
    • Workers' School outlines History of the American Labor Movement from the Civil War to History of Class Struggles during the Period of Industrial Revolution History of the American People The “Middle Period” of American History…: Social and Political Forces in American History, modern period, 1938, 1900, 1600-1832, 1830-1877Box 7, Folder 8
    • Miscellaneous book notesBox 7, Folder 9
    • Miscellaneous clippingsBox 7, Folder 10
  • Marx and Engels in America Manuscript journal: Marx, Engels and America
    • Marx and Engels in America; chapter outline, notesBox 8, Folder 1
    • Dynamics of American Development; bibliographyBox 8, Folder 2
    • The First International in America; especially International Workmen's AssociationBox 8, Folder 3
    • Correspondence re: International Workmen's Association Agnes Inglis to Mark RosenbergBox 8, Folder 4
    • Marx and Engels bibliographyBox 8, Folder 5
    • Marx and Engels, background and bibliographyBox 8, Folder 6
    • Earl Browder, Education and the WarBox 8, Folder 7
    • Bacon; Nietzsche notesBox 8, Folder 8
    • The Three InternationalsBox 8, Folder 9
    • Wages, Labor Pavlovich, The Foundation of Imperialist Policy Marxist Theory of Capitalist Exploitation General Relation of Profits, Wages and PricesBox 8, Folder 10
    • Economics and WarBox 8, Folder 11
    • Economics and Wage TheoriesBox 8, Folder 12
    • Imperialism; misc. notes, clippings, draftsBox 8, Folder 13
  • The Communist Movement in the U.S.
    • Preamble of the Communist Party of AmericaBox 9, Folder 6
    • History of the Communist Party of the U.S.A.; draft and source materialBox 9, Folder 7
    • History of the Communist Party of the U.S.A.; notes and draftBox 9, Folder 8
    • Lectures about the U.S. Communist Party Lecture 1: Formation of the Party; pp. 1 – 20, 1919-1921Box 9, Folder 9
    • Lecture 3:, 1923-1929Box 9, Folder 10
    • Lecture 4:, 1929-1935Box 9, Folder 11
    • History of the Communist Party of the U.S.A. Pre-Party Revolutionary Movement Summary of the History of the Communist Party's Position on the Labor Party Question The Negro Question in the Formative Period of the Party Survey: Trade Union Position of the C.P.U.S.A. Period of American Capital Expansion and Growing Working Class, 1919-1928Box 9, Folder 12
    • C.P.U.S.A. Education Committee, miscellaneous articles Growth and Development of the C.P.U.S., discussion outline Educational Discussion Material on the History of C.P.U.S.; no. 1 Education Dept., Bronx County Comm.; Factual Memoranda, bulletin no. 1 Education Dept., National Comm., C.P.U.S.A., Outline Study Course on Party Convention, lessons 2, 3, 5 Bibliographic Guide of Material from the “Communist International” re: to the U.S.A. Workers' Monthly bibliography, 1919-1938, 1939, 1919-1937Box 9, Folder 13
    • History of the Communist Party in the U.S.A., sources, notesBox 9, Folder 14
  • Avrom Landy, article and lecture drafts
    • “Revisionism” manuscript: The Struggle Against Opportunism, 1879-1890Box 10, Folder 1
    • “Revisionism” manuscript: The Story of RevisionismBox 10, Folder 2
    • “Revisionism” manuscript: Marxism and RevisionismBox 10, Folder 3
    • Polemics Old and New: In Defense of Marxism-Leninism, 1931-1950Box 10, Folder 4
    • Sidney HookBox 10, Folder 5
    • Sidney HookBox 10, Folder 6
    • Mr. Corey ReconsidersBox 10, Folder 7
    • A. Landy, Cultural Compulsives or Calverton's New Caricature of Marxism Detached from The Communist: pp. 851 – 864, 941 – 959 (galleys?)Box 10, Folder 8
    • A. Landy, Marxism and the Woman Question (galleys)Box 10, Folder 9
    • A. Landy, Marxism and the Woman Question (New York: Workers Library Publishers) Facts for Women () with review of Marxism and the Woman Question by editor Mary Inman, July 1943, January – March 1946Box 10, Folder 10
    • Dewey: Reconstruction in PhilosophyBox 10, Folder 11
    • “Foreword” on Joseph WeydenmeyerBox 10, Folder 12
  • The American Tradition
    • Common Stream: America's Contribution to the Origin of Marxism Chapter headings, outline, typescript with revisionsBox 11, Folder 1
    • The American Tradition, outlineBox 11, Folder 2
    • The American Tradition: The Rise and Decline of American Economic SupremacyBox 11, Folder 3
    • The American Tradition, notes and sourcesBox 11, Folder 4
    • The American Tradition, sourcesBox 11, Folder 5
    • The American Tradition, ch. 4: The Problem of America's Line of Development; notes, draft, sourcesBox 11, Folder 6
    • The American Tradition, ch. 4: The American Line of Development Problem In American Historiolgraphy; notes, draftBox 11, Folder 7
    • The Line of Development Problem, sourcesBox 11, Folder 8
    • The American Tradition, ch. 5: The Dream of an American CenturyBox 11, Folder 9
    • The American Tradition, ch. 7: The Fear of Communism in American HistoryBox 11, Folder 10
    • “Gloom Doctrine” Today; notes, sourcesBox 11, Folder 11
    • Miscellaneous notesBox 11, Folder 12
    • Miscellaneous periodical sourcesBox 11, Folder 13
    • ClippingsBox 11, Folder 14
  • Dialectics
    • Dialectics, typescriptBox 12, Folder 1
    • Dialectic materialism (Hegel, Engels, Lenin); outline, notes, draftBox 12, Folder 2
    • Dialectic materialism; notes, draftBox 12, Folder 3
    • Notes on dialecticsBox 12, Folder 4
    • Dialectics; miscellaneous notesBox 12, Folder 5
    • Miscellaneous notesBox 12, Folder 6
    • Miscellaneous notesBox 12, Folder 7
    • Article drafts: The Abolition Movement; General View of Main Events of American History, in Relation to Slavery, 1820-1860Box 12, Folder 8
    • Miscellaneous notesBox 12, Folder 9
  • Miscellaneous Avrom Landy; Goldie Hanon Landy
    • The Follies of Foley Square; notes, clipping sources, outlineBox 13, Folder 1
    • Force and Violence memo; outline, notes, sourcesBox 13, Folder 2
    • Force and Violence memo; notes, preliminary draftBox 13, Folder 3
    • Force and Violence memo; thesis, correspondence to “Bill”Box 13, Folder 4
    • Miscellaneous points re: Communist PartyBox 13, Folder 5
    • Landy, forthcoming booksBox 13, Folder 6
    • V. Adoratsky, “On the Theoretical Foundations of Marxism-Leninism”Box 13, Folder 7
    • Miscellaneous notes, draftsBox 13, Folder 8
    • Miscellaneous notesBox 13, Folder 9
    • Goldie Hanon Landy, “Do's and Don'ts for Your Conference with Johnny's Teacher”Box 13, Folder 10
    • Goldie Hanon Landy, “Do's and Don'ts about That Conference with Junior's Teacher”Box 13, Folder 11
    • Goldie Hanon Landy, Report on Charts and Graphs, July 17, 1953Box 13, Folder 12
    • Goldie Hanon Landy, William Winter's Speech at Dailey Auditorium, July 14, 1954Box 13, Folder 13
    • Goldie Hanon Landy, “Conducting an Individual Parent-Teacher Conference In the primary Grades”Box 13, Folder 14
  • Miscellaneous Landy note cards See also three card file boxes with Landy notes, clippings arranged by various topics