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Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Medical School

 Organization

The Northwestern University Medical School began as the medical department of Lind University (later Lake Forest University) in 1859, located at Randolph and Market Streets in Chicago. In 1864, the medical department became an independent school, the Chicago Medical College, housed in a building at 22nd and State Streets. The founder of the College, Nathan Smith Davis, was an innovator in medical education who wanted to establish a three-year program that went beyond the traditional lecture-and-apprenticeship program. In 1870, the medical school affiliated with Northwestern, becoming the first professional school to be added to the liberal arts college in fulfillment of the founders' goal of creating a university. The school moved to a building at 26th Street and Prairie Avenue, where it remained until 1893. The Chicago Medical College became the Northwestern University Medical School in 1891. The Medical School moved again in 1893, to a Northwestern University plot of land on the twenty-four hundred block of South Dearborn, where it remained until Northwestern opened its Near North Side Chicago Campus in 1926.

Chicago Medical College founder Nathan Smith Davis served as the school's first dean from 1870, after its union with Northwestern, until 1898. Davis was followed by Franklin Seward Johnson (1898-1901). The third dean was Davis' son, Nathan Smith Davis, Jr. (1901-1907). The younger Davis' tenure as Dean was followed by those of Arthur Robin Edwards (1907-1916), Arthur Isaac Kendall (1916-1924), and Irving Samuel Cutler (1925-1941).

The medical school went through a number of changes in admission and graduation requirements during the first two decades of the twentieth century. In 1908 requirements for admission were raised to include one year of college, rather than just a high school diploma. In 1911, applicants were required to have completed two years of college. The American Medical Association itself did not require this level of education until 1918. Nathan Smith Davis, Jr., who favored more stringent requirements, clashed with his more traditional faculty over this issue and resigned his deanship in 1907.

In 1915, the medical school became one of six schools nationwide to require a fifth-year internship to earn the M.D. degree. These changes caused a drop in enrollment over the next few years, from 470 students in the 1909-1910 academic year to a low of 181 students in 1913-1914. Registration was up again to 413 students in 1919-1920 and, in the long run, the changes served to enhance the medical school's reputation.

For more information on the history of the Northwestern University Medical School, see Leslie B. Arey, Northwestern University Medical School, 1859-1979 (Evanston and Chicago: Northwestern University Medical School, 1979).

Found in 34 Collections and/or Records:

William K. Beatty (1926- ) Papers

 Collection
Identifier: 18/4/1
Abstract William Kaye Beatty was educated at Harvard College and Columbia University. Beatty joined the faculty of Northwestern University in 1962 as professor of medical bibliography. He held the administrative appointment of medical librarian from 1962 to 1974. In 1974 he began teaching courses in the history of medicine and medical writing. Beatty is known for his work and writings in librarianship and the history of medicine. In the 1960s and 1970s he planned 17 medical library buildings. He was...

Class Notes Manuscript Notebook

 Collection
Identifier: ghsl-9
Overview Notes taken by George Cullen from January, 1899-May, 1900 from various medical courses attended at the Northwestern University Medical School.

Clinton Lee Compere (1911-1991) Papers

 Collection
Identifier: 18/3/19/1
Abstract Clinton Lee Compere was a professor of orthopedic surgery at Northwestern's Medical School and, as a founding member of Northwestern's Rehabilitation Engineering Program (REP), nationally recognized as an authority on rehabilitation engineering. His main focus was the improvement of prosthetic devices for the physically handicapped. Compere participated actively in the development of the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (RIC) to one of the best rehabilitation hospitals in the country. The...

Edwin J. De Costa (1906-1995) Papers

 Collection
Identifier: 18/3/9/1
Abstract De Costa came to Northwestern as a clinical assistant in 1946, eventually becoming a full professor in 1964. H retired in 1974 and died in 1995. The Edwin J. De Costa Papers fill three boxes and span the period, 1925-1987. Most of the material dates from 1925 through the 1960s; only a small amount of material dates afterward. The De Costa Papers are arranged into five categories: biographical materials, undergraduate and medical college files, teaching files, speeches and paper presentations,...

Records of the Dean of the Medical School, James E. Eckenhoff (1968-1985)

 Collection
Identifier: 18/7/2
Abstract The Records of the Medical School under Dean James E. Eckenhoff fill sixteen archival boxes, spanning the years 1968 to 1985. The records reflect the state of the Medical School under Eckenhoff with a strong emphasis on educational improvement, and consist of correspondence, transcripts, reports, publications, and minutes. The collection is divided into seven subseries: Allied Health, assemblies and lectures, councils and committees, faculty and research, graduate medical education, hospitals...

George Silas Duntley Photographs

 Collection
Identifier: 75/31/30
Overview The photographs of George S. Duntley fill 8 boxes and cover the years from approximately 1899-1918. The collection consists of dry plate negatives and record Duntley’s years in Chicago and Evanston while he was attending Northwestern University Medical School. Also included are photographs taken in Bushnell, Illinois, his home town and surrounding areas.

Olga Haring (1917-2002) Papers

 Collection
Identifier: 18/3/6/2
Abstract Olga M. Haring was a faculty member at Northwestern University from 1965 until she received emeritus status in 1987. In 1974 she received a dual appointment in the departments of medicine and of community health and preventive medicine. The Haring Papers fill nine boxes and span the period 1952-1984, with the major portion falling between 1965 and 1975. The papers are organized in three categories: teaching files, research files, and publications. The largest portion of the papers consists of...

Opal E. Hepler (1899-) Papers

 Collection
Identifier: 18/3/13/1
Abstract The Opal E. Hepler papers, arranged in four boxes, date between 1926 and 1967. They include small amounts of biographical material, materials relating to her graduate education, correspondence and teaching files. The bulk of the papers consist primarily of drafts of and notes for various versions of her manual on clinical laboratory methods. A few reprints of her articles are also included.

Northwestern University Medical School Alumni Record Cards

 Collection
Identifier: 18/1/8
Abstract The Northwestern University Medical School Alumni Records consist of 3” x 5” index cards containing limited information about deceased Medical School alumni/alumnae, spanning the years 1860 to 1965. Records include those of graduates from the Northwestern University Woman’s Medical School (1892-1902).

Medical School Annual Reports

 Collection
Identifier: 18/1/9
Abstract The series consists of a run of annual reports issued by the Northwestern University Medical School, later the Feinberg School of Medicine. The reports are arranged chronologically in fifteen boxes and span the period from 1971/1972 through 2005/2006. There are several gaps in this run and reports from the following years are not included in the series: 1988/1989, 1989/1990, 1992/1993, 1993/1994, 1994/1995, 1996/1997, 1997/1998, 1998/1999, and 1999/2000. Individual reports cover academic rather...

Northwestern University Medical School Council of Chairmen Minutes and Related Records

 Collection
Identifier: 18/2/27
Abstract The Council of Chairmen was composed of the various departmental chairs at the Medical School, in addition to the Dean of the School. The Council met monthly to discuss various issues of importance to the Medical School. Contained here are minutes of the Council's meetings (which make up the majority of the series), reports produced by other Northwestern University committees of interest to the Council, announcements of future meetings, and correspondence. These records date between 1971 and...

Records of the Medical School Dean, Arthur R. Edwards

 Collection
Identifier: 18/7/4
Abstract The Records of the Medical School Dean, Arthur R. Edwards, consist of one box, spanning the years 1905 to 1912. The bulk of the records consists of correspondence to and from Dean Edwards. Also included are documents relating to faculty appointments and correspondence from the Junior Dean, W.S. Hall, a physiologist who was the first professor to hold the Nathan Smith Davis Professorship. The records are divided into two subseries, Correspondence and Faculty.

Records of the Medical School Dean, Richard H. Young 1949-1970

 Collection
Identifier: 18/7/3
Abstract The Records of the Medical School Dean, Richard H. Young, fill 18 record cartons (18 cubic feet), spanning the years of his tenure as dean, 1949 to 1970. These records primarily consist of correspondence and documents relating to the administration of the medical school and affiliated hospitals. The records are divided into 12 subseries: Associations, Buildings and Grounds, Clinic, Dean's Office, Departments, Faculty, Fraternities, Hospitals, Library (Medical School), Medical School,...

Northwestern Medical School, Records of the Dean

 Collection
Identifier: 18/7/5
Abstract These records of the deans of the Northwestern University Medical School date from 1956 through 1994. Including both incoming and outgoing correspondence, reports, and other forms of documentation, they are divided into five subseries: general files, committee files, departmental files, files relating to hospitals affiliated with the Medical School, and files pertaining to the Northwestern Medical Faculty Foundation.

Medical School Senior Class Rosters

 Collection
Identifier: 18/1/6
Scope and Contents This series is comprised of Northwestern University Medical School senior class rosters for the period 1953-1969. Beside each name is that student's class rank; first, second, and third quarter grade point average; and cumulative grade point average. The names of junior transfer students are noted with an asterisk. Finally, the total number of students in any class is recorded at the top of each roster.

Medical School Special Course and Program Transcripts

 Collection
Identifier: 18/2/8
Abstract These records comprise course and grade transcripts for Medical School graduate, special, physical therapy, and laboratory technology students.

Medical School Student Grade Records

 Collection
Identifier: 18/1/2
Abstract This series of Medical School student grade records is arranged in twelve volumes and documents the academic record of students pursuing the M.D. degree during the period from 1948 through 1972.

Medical School Student Grade Records

 Collection
Identifier: 18/1/4
Abstract This series, spanning the period 1970-1977 and filling two boxes, is comprised of Northwestern University Medical School student grade records.

Medical School Student Grade Transcripts

 Collection
Identifier: 18/1/5
Scope and Contents This series is comprised of two volumes of transcripts documenting student coursework completed at the Northwestern University Medical School during the period 1967-1971. The bulk of the transcripts date from the years 1969-1971 and pertain to the senior and junior classes of 1973. Generally, the transcripts record the grades signifying honors, pass, and fail for coursework undertaken by each student during his or her first two years of study.In addition to grades, each transcript...