Sam Raphling (born March 19, 1910, Fort Worth, Texas, died January 8, 1988, New York City) was a pianist and composer. He earned a Master of Music degree at the Chicago Musical College, then studied further in Europe. After returning to the United States, he taught at the Chicago Musical College (1937-1945) and was a piano soloist with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (1940-1944). His compositions include works for piano, chamber ensembles, and orchestra as well as operas and works for solo voice and chorus. He collaborated with poet Langston Hughes and writer James V. Hatch on several large dramatic works.